文章摘要
李秀央,郭永松,张扬.付出-获得不平衡量表中文版的信度和效度[J].中华流行病学杂志,2006,27(1):25-28
付出-获得不平衡量表中文版的信度和效度
Comment on“the reliability and validity of the effort2reward imbalance —the Chinese version”
收稿日期:2005-06-16  出版日期:2014-09-12
DOI:
中文关键词: 付出-获得不平衡;量表;信度;效度
英文关键词: Effort-reward imbalance;Scale;Reliability;Validity
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
李秀央 浙江大学公共卫生学院流行病与卫生统计学教研室  
郭永松 医学教育研究所  
张扬 浙江大学公共卫生学院流行病与卫生统计学教研室 zhangy@zju.edu.cn 
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中文摘要:
      目的评价付出-获得不平衡(ERI)量表中文版的信度和效度。方法采用中文版ERI量表对4782名不同职业人群进行工作压力的横断面调查,量表包括付出、获得和超负荷三部分23个条目。运用可靠性分析来评价ERI量表的信度,运用因子分析方法来评价ERI量表的结构效度。结果研究中获取的调查数据支持付出-获得不平衡模式的理论假设;中文版ERI量表中付出和获得子量表的信度和效度均较高,但是超负荷子量表的信度和效度均不高。结论ERI量表中付出、获得子量表可以直接应用于中国人群的调查,但是超负荷子量表中条目不能直接用于中国人群的调查。
英文摘要:
      ObjectiveTo evaluate reliability and validity of the effort-reward imbalance (ERI) in the Chinese version.MethodsA cross-sectional survey was conducted comprising a large sample of 4782 subjects in China,using ERI in the Chinese version. This scale contained 23 scaled items while the questionnaire including questions on the effort and reward at work,over-commitment,the full CES2D scale of depression and arange of other characteristics. Reliability analysis was applied to evaluate reliability of the ERI scale in the Chinese versionand factor analysis was applied to analyze validity of the scale.ResultsTheoretical hypothesis on the ERI model was supported by the data derived in this study. Reliability and validity of the effort sub-scale,the reward sub-scale of the ERI scale in the Chinese version seemed to be better,but reliability and validity of the over-commitment subscale were not perfect. ConclusionThe results of the study showed that the effort sub-scale,the reward sub-scale of the ERI in the Chinese version was applicable to the Chinese population but the scaled items of the over-commitment sub2scale should be further modified.
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