文章摘要
陈如冲,赖克方,刘春丽,罗炜,钟南山.广州地区1087名大学生咳嗽的流行病学调查[J].中华流行病学杂志,2006,27(2):123-126
广州地区1087名大学生咳嗽的流行病学调查
An epidemiologic study of cough in young college students in Guangzhou
投稿时间:2005-06-30  
DOI:
中文关键词: 咳嗽;流行病学调查;患病率
英文关键词: Cough;Epidemiology study ;Prevalence rate
基金项目:广州市科技攻关重点基金资助项目(2002Z-E0091)
作者单位
陈如冲 510120, 广州医学院第一附属医院广州呼吸疾病研究所 
赖克方 510120, 广州医学院第一附属医院广州呼吸疾病研究所 
刘春丽 510120, 广州医学院第一附属医院广州呼吸疾病研究所 
罗炜 510120, 广州医学院第一附属医院广州呼吸疾病研究所 
钟南山 510120, 广州医学院第一附属医院广州呼吸疾病研究所 
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中文摘要:
      目的调查广州地区大学生咳嗽的患病率及危险因素。方法采用统一的流行病学调查表,以整群随机抽样的方法对广州市某高校1091名大学生进行面访式问卷调查,咳嗽超过8周者进行胸部X线检查。结果调查资料完整的大学生有1087人,男生648人,女生439人,平均年龄为21.16岁±1.25岁。咳嗽的总患病率为10.9%,其中,男生患病率为10.3%,女生患病率为11.9%;急性咳嗽总患病率为7.6%,其中,男生患病率为6.9%,女生患病率为8.7%;慢性咳嗽总患病率为3.3%,男生患病率为3.4%,女生患病率为3.2%。无论在咳嗽总患病率,还是急性咳嗽或慢性咳嗽患病率,男女间差异均无统计学意义(P值均>0.05)。77.8%的慢性咳嗽患者以咳嗽为惟一或主要症状,与急性咳嗽患者(44.6%)相比,差异有统计学意义(χ2=11.166,P<0.01)。患鼻部疾病是慢性咳嗽患者的危险因素,33.3%的慢性咳嗽患者患有慢性鼻部疾病。结论咳嗽是广州地区青年大学生常见的症候,其患病率无性别差异。鼻部疾病是慢性咳嗽重要的危险因素。
英文摘要:
      Objective To study the prevalence of cough and its risk factors in young college students in Guangzhou. Methods Using a questio nnaire w ith uniform scheme, a cluster- randomized sampling survey was conducted among young college students in Guang zhou. Fluo roscopy of chest was per formed in subjects with persisted cough long er than 8 weeks. Results There were 1087 cases w ith complete data from 1091 people including 648 males, 439 females with an av erage age of 21. 16 years old. The total prevalence of cough was 10. 9%. Differ ence in prevalence of cough between males and females showed no significance(10. 3% vs. 11. 9%, P> 0. 05). There were also no sig nificant differences between male and female in prevalence rates of acute cough (6. 9% vs.8.7%, P>0.05) and chronic cough (3.4% vs.3.2%, P> 0. 05). Under chronic cough condition, cough was mor e likely to be the only or major symptom than under acute coug h co ndition(77. 8% vs. 44. 6%, V 2 =11. 166, P<0.01). Nasal disease was an impor tant risk factor to the development of chronic cough, w hich was found in 33. 3% of the patients with chronic coug h and w hen having chronic nasal diseases. Conclusion Cough seemed a common disorder in young college student in Guangzhou and t here w as no significant difference in prevalence betw eenmales and females. Nasal disease was an important r isk factor to chronic cough.
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