文章摘要
曹玉萍,张亚林,孙圣琦,郭果毅,李育成,袁丁,杨世昌,钟实,彭延炜,李立杰,张广宁,王国强,肖敏,田际平,蒋丽鸿,史建伟,朱宇华,黄真,肖建武,罗夏生,王冠军,黄国平,李建光.湖南省家庭暴力的流行病学调查总体报告[J].中华流行病学杂志,2006,27(3):200-203
湖南省家庭暴力的流行病学调查总体报告
An epidemiological study on domestic violence in Hunan, China
收稿日期:2005-07-15  出版日期:2014-09-12
DOI:
中文关键词: 家庭暴力;流行病学;发生率
英文关键词: Domestic violence;Epidemio logy;Prevalence
基金项目:美国中华医学基金会资助项目(01-749)
作者单位E-mail
曹玉萍 410011 长沙, 中南大学湘雅二医院精神卫生研究所  
张亚林 410011 长沙, 中南大学湘雅二医院精神卫生研究所 zhangYL69@vip.sina.com 
孙圣琦 湖南省湘西自治州精神病医院  
郭果毅 湘潭市卫生学校  
李育成 郴州市精神病医院  
袁丁 郴州市精神病医院  
杨世昌 410011 长沙, 中南大学湘雅二医院精神卫生研究所  
钟实 湘潭市卫生学校  
彭延炜 湖南省湘西自治州精神病医院  
李立杰 湖南省湘西自治州精神病医院  
张广宁 湘潭市卫生学校  
王国强 410011 长沙, 中南大学湘雅二医院精神卫生研究所  
肖敏 郴州市精神病医院  
田际平 湖南省湘西自治州精神病医院  
蒋丽鸿 郴州市精神病医院  
史建伟 湘潭市疾病预防控制中心  
朱宇华 郴州市精神病医院  
黄真 湖南省湘西自治州精神病医院  
肖建武 湘潭市卫生学校  
罗夏生 郴州市精神病医院  
王冠军 湘潭市卫生学校  
黄国平 410011 长沙, 中南大学湘雅二医院精神卫生研究所  
李建光 湘潭市卫生学校  
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中文摘要:
      目的 了解湖南省家庭暴力的现状。方法 采用多级分层抽样方法,在湖南省境内的城市、农村和工业区各抽取一个样本, 共计9451户家庭, 32720人。 以多种形式的线索调查与深入细致的入户调查相结合的方式进行家庭暴力现况调查。结果 (1)家庭暴力的发生率为16.2%, 当年内的发生率为11.6%, 城市、农村及工业三地区的发生率和年内发生率的差异均具有统计学意义(P<0.01); (2)夫妻暴力的发生率为10.2%、虐待儿童为7.8%、虐待老人为1.5%; (3)重组家庭的家庭暴力发生率最高(21.0%), 夫妻独子家庭和多代大家庭次之(分别为20.1%和20.0%); (4)夫妻暴力以重组家庭最多见(14.7%), 虐待儿童与虐待老人则以多代大家庭居多(分别为12.4%和4.1%)。结论 湖南省家庭暴力的发生率以夫妻暴力多见, 不同地区、不同的家庭结构其暴力发生率和暴力对象均有所不同。
英文摘要:
      Objective To investigate the prevalence of domestic violence( DV) in Hunan. Methods Using a multi-stage sampling strategy, 9451 households involving 32 720 persons in urban, rural and industrial areas in Hunan, China were studied. Multiform clue investigation and face-to-face interviews were combined to investigate the prevalence of DV. Results A lifetime prevalence of DV was reported by 1533 households( 16.2%). A total of 1098 households ( 11.6%) reported at least one incident of DV in the previous year. Both lifetime and 12-month prevalence of DV varied significantly by geographic setting( P<0.01). The lifetime prevalence abuse rates were: spousal 10.2%, child abuse 7.8%, and elder 1.5%. With regard to household structure, the lifetime prevalence of DV was hig hest among those remarried families ( 21.0%), followed by married couples with one child and extended families with several generations living together( 20.1% and 20.0%, respectively). The highest rate of spousal abuse was found among remarried families( 14.7%), while child and elder abuse was most prevalent among extended families( 12.4% and 4.1%, respectively ). Conclusions The findings suggested that although the prevalence of DV in Hunan was modest compared to Western countries, it remained a serious public health problem affecting over 1 in 10 households. Furthermore, the prevalence of various types of DV varied by geographic setting and family structure, suggesting that diverse geographic setting and family constellations carried different risk and protective features.
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