文章摘要
覃朝晖,于普林,朱晓平,吴迪,乌正赉.北京市城市社区1512名老年人跌倒的危险因素分析[J].中华流行病学杂志,2006,27(7):579-582
北京市城市社区1512名老年人跌倒的危险因素分析
Study on the risk factors for falls in an elderly community in Chongwen district of Beijing
收稿日期:2006-01-26  出版日期:2014-09-12
DOI:
中文关键词: 跌倒  发生率  危险因素
英文关键词: Falls: Incidence: Risk factors
基金项目:世界卫生组织资助项目(2004/CHN/HSE/2.4/001/02.01)
作者单位E-mail
覃朝晖 卫生部北京医院卫生部北京老年医学研究所, 100730  
于普林 卫生部北京医院卫生部北京老年医学研究所, 100730 pulin_yu@hotmail.com 
朱晓平 水利部北京医院内科  
吴迪 河北医科大学第一附属医院研究生院  
乌正赉 中国协和医科大学基础医学院流行病学教研室  
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中文摘要:
      目的探讨北京城市社区老年人跌倒的发生情况及主要危险因素和保护因素,为老年人跌倒的预防提供科学依据。方法采用分层整群抽样的方法抽取北京市崇文区龙潭街道办事处所辖社区的60岁及以上的老年人,以面对面询问方式进行人户调查,对可能与跌倒有关的9大类共90个变量分别进行单因素和多因素logistic回归分析跌倒的危险因素和保护因素。结果跌倒发生率为18.0%,经单因素分析表明痴呆(OR=5.34)、抑郁症(OR=4.61)、大小便失禁(OR=3.84)、生理失能(OR=3.17)、害怕跌倒(OR=3.09)等40个变量的分布,经X2检验后差异有统计学意义。多因素logistic回归分析表明跌倒的危险因素有痴呆(OR=4.89)、抑郁症(OR=4.18)、降压药(OR= 2.91)、青光眼(OR=2.77)、高血压(OR=2.27)、害怕跌倒(OR=2.12)、体位性低血压(OR= 2.11)、服多种药物(OR=1.77)等。经常打太极拳(OR=0.60)、做保健操(OR=0.68)是跌倒的保护因素。结论北京市城市社区老年人跌倒发生率高,老年人跌倒是内因和外因共同作用的结果,可以采取针对危险因素的综合性措施预防老年人跌倒。
英文摘要:
      Objective To explore the risk factors related to falls in elderly living in an urban community and to provide evidence for developing a three-tier program for prevention. Methods A cross- sectional study was conducted in Longtan community of Chongwen District,Beijing. Persona aged 60 years and over were selected using a stratified cluster sampling methodology and data on falls within the past 12 months and falls-related risk factors was collected through face-to-face interview. Results Overall incidence on falls was 18.0% within one year among 1512 interviewees. Risk factors for falls were including dementia( OR=5.34),depression(OR=4.61),urinary and fecal incontinence 1; OR=3.84), physical disability( OR=3. 17 ), fear of falls( OR=3. 09 ) and other 40 variates by丫analyses. Data from multivariate logistic regression analyses showed that risk factors for falls were including dementia( OR= 4.89),depression(OR = 4. 18),antihypertensive(OR=2.91),glaucoma(OR=2.77:),hypertension (OR=2.27),fear of falls(OR=2.12 ), postural hypotension(OR=2.11),and taking multiple drugs (OR=1.77)etc while protective factors would include pyhsical exercises( OR=0.68) and practicing Tai Chi shadow boxing ( OR=0.60).Conclusion The incidence of falls in an urban elderly community of Beijing was considered to be high and caused serious negative consequences, both physically and psychologically. Falls in the elderly was the result caused by combined intrinsic and extrinsic factors, suggesting the intervention should be targeting on risk factors multifacetly.
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