文章摘要
翟屹,胡建平,孔灵芝,赵文华,陈春明.中国居民高血压造成冠心病和脑卒中的经济负担研究[J].中华流行病学杂志,2006,27(9):744-747
中国居民高血压造成冠心病和脑卒中的经济负担研究
Economic burden of coronary heart disease and stroke attributable to hypertension in China
收稿日期:2006-07-20  出版日期:2014-09-15
DOI:
中文关键词: 高血压  冠心病  脑卒中  疾病负担
英文关键词: Hypertension  Coronary heart disease  Stroke  Medical costs
基金项目:卫生部和世界卫生组织神户中心合作项目(2-AHP-05-043)
作者单位E-mail
翟屹 北京,中国疾病预防控制中心营养与食品安全所 100050  
胡建平 卫生部卫生统计信息中心(胡建平)  
孔灵芝 卫生部疾病控制局(孔灵芝)  
赵文华 中国疾病预防控制中心 whzhao@chinacdc.cn 
陈春明 中国疾病预防控制中心  
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中文摘要:
      目的评价中国居民高血压造成冠心病和脑卒中的直接经济负担,分析高血压知晓率和治疗率的相关关系,为制订人群高血压防治策略提供科学依据,确定知晓率作为社区高血压防治效果的评价指标.方法利用2002年中国居民营养与健康状况调查、2003年第三次国家卫生服务调查等相关资料,分别计算高血压、冠心病和脑卒中的直接疾病负担;根据人群归因危险度百分比计算高血压造成的冠心病和脑卒中的直接经济负担.利用2002年调查数据分析高血压知晓率和治疗率的关系.结果2003年中国35-74岁人群高血压、冠心病和脑卒中的直接经济负担分别为201.5、157.1和242.9亿元人民币,其中由高血压导致的冠心病和脑卒中的直接经济负担达190.8亿元人民币,占这两种疾病直接疾病负担的47.7%.高血压知晓率与治疗率呈高度相关(r=0.9777,P< 0.0001),知晓率是影响治疗率的关键.结论中国居民高血压所造成冠心病和脑卒中的直接经济负担,已占该两种疾病直接疾病负担的近50%.以知晓率作为社区高血压防治效果的评价指标具有实用价值.
英文摘要:
       Objective To estimate annual direct medical costs of coronary heart disease(CHD )and stroke attributable to hypertension among Chinese adults aged 35-74 years in China, 2 ) to analyze the correlation between the hypertension awareness and hypertension treatment rate. Methods 2003 National Health Services Survey(n=93 018) was used to derive direct medical costs including costs for outpatient visits, physician services, inpatient stays,rehabilitation services, nurses fees, and medications. The medical costs of CHD and stroke attributable to hypertension were estimated by multiplying population attributable risk proportion by corresponding disease costs. Using 2002 National Nutrition and Health Survey(n≡148 804),the prevalence of hypertension awareness and hypertension treatment rate in 132 survey sites were calculated. Correlation was used to analyze the correlation between the two variables.Results The direct medical costs of hypertension, CHD and stroke were 20.2,15.7 and 24.3 billion Yuan, respectively. The medical costs attributable to hypertension were estimated at 19.1 billion Yuan(RMB),accounting for 47.7 % of the total medical costs of the two chronic diseases. The prevalence of hypertension awareness is highly correlated with hypertension treatment rate(r=0.9777,P<0.0001),Conclusion The economic burden of CHD and stroke attributable to hypertension is very high, reaching about 50%of the total medical costs of the two diseases. The prevalence of hypertension awareness could be used as an important indicator to evaluate the effectiveness of hypertension prevention and control at community level.
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