文章摘要
文孝忠,黄建华,陈维清,梁彩花,韩轲,凌文华.广州市201名小学生尝试买烟成功率及其影响因素[J].中华流行病学杂志,2007,28(1):24-27
广州市201名小学生尝试买烟成功率及其影响因素
Possibility and predictors of successful cigarette purchase attempts by 201 primary school students inGuangzhou,China
收稿日期:2006-06-19  出版日期:2014-09-15
DOI:
中文关键词: 烟草可及性;未成年人;烟草销售;影响因素
英文关键词: Access to tobacco;Minors;Cigarette sale;Influence factor
基金项目:中华医学基金会(CMB)资助项目(00一729)
作者单位E-mail
文孝忠 中山大学公共卫生学院 510080 广州  
黄建华 广州市黄埔区卫生监督所  
陈维清 中山大学公共卫生学院 510080 广州 chenwq@mail.sysu.edu.cn 
梁彩花 中山大学公共卫生学院 510080 广州  
韩轲 中山大学公共卫生学院 510080 广州  
凌文华 中山大学公共卫生学院 510080 广州  
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中文摘要:
      目的了解广州地区未成年人的烟草可及性以及影响因素。方法组织201名六年级小学生参加尝试买烟模拟试验,以是否买烟成功为因变量,店、销售商和学生的特征为自变量进行因素分析。结果共有165名学生成功买到香烟,买烟失败36人,成功率为82.1%。学生年龄、学生身高、商店类型、售烟者的性别、售烟者的年龄、是否张贴有烟草广告、是否放置“禁止向未成年人售烟”警示牌、售烟者有无询问学生具体年龄、售烟者有无询问学生买烟给吸等9个变量与尝试买烟成功有统计学意义的关联。多因素分析筛选3个有意义的变量:学生年龄、商店类型和放置“禁止向未成年人售烟”警示牌。结论未成年人很容易通过自己购买而获得香烟,杂货店和小超市是重点,应加强对烟草零售商向未成年人售烟的监督和管制工作。
英文摘要:
      Objective To explore the access to tobacco and exam the predictors of successful tobaccopurchase attempts among Chinese minors. Methods A simulative trial of purchasing cigarettes wasparticipated by 201 sixth grade students to assess the prevalence of illegal cigarette sales to minors inGuangzhou. Methods of Chi-square and unconditional logistic regression were used to identify the significantpredictors, with the result of tobacco purchase as the dependent variable and the characteristics of stores,retailers and minors as the independent variables. Results A total of 165 students succeeded in purchasingcigarettes but 36 failed, and the percentage of successful purchase attempts was 82. 1%.Data f romunivariate analysis indicated that 9 factors were significantly associated with students' success in purchasingcigarettes. They were age and height of the purchasers, types of stores, seller's gender and age, postingcigarette advertisements,showing warning signs of `no cigarette selling to minors',asking buyer"s age,andasking whom you buy the cigarettes for. The Results of multivariable analysis showed that only threevariables entering the final logistic regression: the age of students,the type of stores>and showing warningsigns of‘no cigarette selling to minors’.Conclusion Chinese minors have easy access to purchasingcigarettes, especially in groceries and small markets. Selling cigarettes by sellers to minors should bemonitored and managed in the future.
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