文章摘要
张北川,曾毅,许华,李秀芳,周生建,李辉,廖留妹,张晓梅.中国部分城市2004年1389例男男性接触者艾滋病高危行为及相关因素调查[J].中华流行病学杂志,2007,28(1):32-36
中国部分城市2004年1389例男男性接触者艾滋病高危行为及相关因素调查
Study on 1389 men who have sex with men regarding their HIV high-risk behaviors and associated factorsin mainland China in 2004
收稿日期:2006-07-24  出版日期:2014-09-15
DOI:
中文关键词: 艾滋病;艾滋病病毒;男男性接触者;男同性爱者;高危行为
英文关键词: AIDS;HIV;Men who have sex with men;Homosexual;High-risk behavior
基金项目:世界艾滋病基金会[wAF307(03一007)];中英性病艾滋病防治合作项目
作者单位
张北川 青岛大学医学院附属医院性健康中心 266003 
曾毅 中国疾病预防控制中心病毒病预防控制所 
许华 中华预防医学会旅行卫生专业委员会 
李秀芳 青岛大学医学院附属医院性健康中心 266003 
周生建 重庆市渝中区汁划生育指导站 
李辉 青岛大学医学院附属医院性健康中心 266003 
廖留妹 青岛大学医学院附属医院性健康中心 266003 
张晓梅 中国疾病预防控制中心病毒病预防控制所 
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中文摘要:
      目的了解中国大陆男男性接触者(MsM)的艾滋病病毒/艾滋病(HIV/AIDs)高危行为及有关影响因素。方法对6大城市1389例MSM采用定向抽样法进行匿名问卷调查和尿液HIv一1抗体检测。应用sPSs11.0软件对数据资料进行整理分析。结果MsM平均年龄为27.62岁。首次性交年龄平均19.18岁。寻找同性性伴的最主要途径是互联网(43.07%),同性爱者活动场所(35.29%)。近6个月平均同性性伴数为5.69人,平均陌生性伴为437人,平均肛交同性性伴为4.33人。曾参与群交者占11.61%。尿液HIV—l抗体初筛检测13例阳性。有肛交史者近6个月内坚持使用安全套者占32.46%,最近一次肛交用过安全套者占76.37%。近6个月曾与女性性交从不用安全套者占47,18%。结论MsM普遍存在易感染HIV的多种高危行为,需加大对该人群的AIDs干预力度,并创造有助于MSM的AIDs控制的支持性环境。
英文摘要:
      Objective To study the HIV related high-risk behaviors and associated factors on thespread of HIV among men having sex with men(MSM) who lived in mainland China and to provideevidence for developing related policies and intervention measures. Methods Questionnaires weredistributedatgay bars and volunteer activity venues in six big cities of China. Data on 1389 valid cases wascollected and urine HIV screening test was provided. Data was analyzed with SPSS 11.0. Results Therespondents were 27.62 year olds on average with an average age for first intercourse at 19. 18. The mostcommonly available way of finding a sex partner was through internet(43.07%),followed by gay bar andpublic bathrooms(35.29%)6 months prior to the study, the average number of their male sex partnerswas 5. 69 including 4. 37 unfamiliar sex partners and the average number of anal-intercourse was 4. 33 with11.61 percent of them had experienced group sex. 13 cases of them showed positive Results for preliminaryurine HIV screening test. In the prior 6 months, 32.46 percent of those who had experienced intercourseusing condom every time while 76.37 percent of them during the last sex episode. In the previous 6months, 47.18 percent of those who had experienced intercourse with women never used condoms.Conclusion HIV high-risk behaviors are ubiquitous among MSM and AIDS intervention measures shouldbe significantly strengthened in reaching MSM via a wide variety of conduits, especially InternetMeanwhile, a gay-friendly environment for prevention and control of AIDS is vital.
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