文章摘要
方向华,杨期东,吴升平,刘运海,杜晓立,鲍秋菊,王文志.不同危险因素人群的社区脑卒中干预效果评估[J].中华流行病学杂志,2007,28(1):49-52
不同危险因素人群的社区脑卒中干预效果评估
Evaluation on a community-based intervention program among people with differenct risk factors of stroke
收稿日期:2006-07-07  出版日期:2014-09-15
DOI:
中文关键词: 脑卒中;危险因素;社区干预
英文关键词: Stroke;Risk factor;Community intervention
基金项目:
作者单位
方向华 首都医科大学宣武医院流行病学和社会医学部 100053 北京 
杨期东 中南大学湘雅医院神经内科 
吴升平 北京市神经外科研究所神经流行病学室 
刘运海 中南大学湘雅医院神经内科 
杜晓立 首都医科大学宣武医院流行病学和社会医学部 100053 北京 
鲍秋菊 首都医科大学宣武医院流行病学和社会医学部 100053 北京 
王文志 首都医科大学宣武医院流行病学和社会医学部 100053 北京 
摘要点击次数: 1838
全文下载次数: 829
中文摘要:
      目的评价社区脑卒中干预在不同危险因素人群中的效果。方法1987年在北京和长沙两城市各选择2个不相邻、框架人口约为1万的自然人群,分别作为干预和对照社区,从2个社区35岁以上人群中分别选驭2700名既往无脑卒中病史的居民作为队列人群,进行脑卒中危险因素基线调查,两城市共人选干预队列5319人,对照队列5506人。在干预队列,对筛查出的高危对象进行社区干预,对照队列的人群则顺其原有医疗不予干预。干预时间为12年。结果干预队列脑卒中发病的危险比对照队列低22%(HR=0.78,95%CI:0.66~0.92)。无论居民是否有脑卒中的危险因素,干预队列脑卒中发病率都低于对照队列,无论教育水平如何、是否肥胖或超重,脑卒中发病率均有明显降低,但是在男性、吸烟和饮酒者中脑卒中发病率在干预组和对照组比较其差异无统计学意义。干预队列脑卒中死亡率明显低于对照队列(HR=0.27,95%CI:0.17~0.42)。脑卒中死亡率在不同危险因素水平均有明显的降低(P结论经过长期的社区干预,不仅可以降低高危人群脑卒中的发病和死亡危险,无危险因素的社区居民也受益。但是男性、吸烟和饮酒者的干预还亟待加强。
英文摘要:
      Objective To evaluate the effect of a long-term community-based intervention programon risk factors of stroke among people with different risk factors. Methods In 1987, 2 geographicallyseparated communities with 10 000 registered residents of each, were selected as either intervention orcontrol communities in Beijing and Changsha. A cohort containing 2700 subjects at the age of 35 years orolder,and free of stroke were sampled from each community. The baseline survey was conducted to screenthe subjects at high risk for intervention and there were 5319 and 5506 subjects enrolled in intervention andcontrol cohorts,respectively. Then,a program for controlling the risk factors of stroke was initiated in theintervention cohort and health education was provided to the whole intervention community. A follow-upsurvey was conducted in 1999. The information on incidence and mortality of stroke was collected. ResultsComparing with the control cohort,the risk of incidence and mortality of stroke decreased by 22%(HR=0. 78, 95 % CI : 0. 66-0. 92 ) and 73 % ( HR=0. 27, 95% CI :0.17-0. 42 ) in intervention cohort. The risks ofstroke were lower in intervention cohort than in control cohort among almost all of the sub-groups with orwithout risk factors of stroke except for being male,current smokers and current alcohol drinkers. The riskof death caused by stroke decreased significantly in those with or without the risk factors of strokeConclusion The long-term community intervention on the risk factors of stroke could effectively reduce therisk of incidence and mortality of stroke among people with or without the risk factors of stroke. Moreattention should be paid to the males and those who smoke or drink alcohol.
查看全文   Html全文     查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
关闭