文章摘要
康纪明,姜垣,杨焱,南奕,李竹,刘瑞玲,冯国泽,魏小帅,林晓光,MarkJ.Travers,李强,AndrewHyland.北京市部分餐厅和酒吧烟草烟雾及影响因素调查[J].中华流行病学杂志,2007,28(8):738-741
北京市部分餐厅和酒吧烟草烟雾及影响因素调查
Study on the level of tobacco-generate smoke in several restaurants and bars in Beijing, China
投稿时间:2006-12-28  修订日期:2007-08-10
DOI:
中文关键词: 环境烟草烟雾;禁烟措施;影响因素;餐厅酒吧
英文关键词: Environmental tobacco smoke;Smoking regulations;Influence factor;Restaurants and bars
基金项目:国际烟草控制机构资助项目(1000-024-418)
作者单位E-mail
康纪明 重庆市江津区疾病预防控制中心, 402260  
姜垣 重庆市江津区疾病预防控制中心, 402260 jiangyuan88@vip.sina.com 
杨焱 重庆市江津区疾病预防控制中心, 402260  
南奕 重庆市江津区疾病预防控制中心, 402260  
李竹 重庆市江津区疾病预防控制中心, 402260  
刘瑞玲 重庆市江津区疾病预防控制中心, 402260  
冯国泽 重庆市江津区疾病预防控制中心, 402260  
魏小帅 重庆市江津区疾病预防控制中心, 402260  
林晓光 北京,中国疾病预防控制中心慢性病预防控制中心  
MarkJ.Travers Department of Health Behavior,Roswell Park Cancer Institute,Buffalo,New York,14263,USA  
李强 Department of Health Behavior,Roswell Park Cancer Institute,Buffalo,New York,14263,USA  
AndrewHyland Department of Health Behavior,Roswell Park Cancer Institute,Buffalo,New York,14263,USA  
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中文摘要:
      目的 了解北京市餐厅采取控烟措施的现况和实行禁烟措施对减少室内烟草烟雾浓度的效果.方法 电话调查部分餐厅和酒吧采取的各种禁烟措施情况,采用AM510型个人智能防爆粉尘检测仪对室内外细颗粒物PM2.5的浓度进行检测,分析不同禁烟措施和不同类别餐厅烟草烟雾浓度以及室内外细颗粒物浓度差是否存在差异.结果 在抽取调查92家的餐厅、酒吧中,采取完全禁烟和部分禁烟措施的占27.9%.92家的室内细颗粒物平均浓度达到253.08μg/m3,比室外的高102.37%;有禁烟规定的餐厅和酒吧室内外细颗粒物浓度分别是93.10μg/m3和110.33μg/m3,无禁烟规定的餐厅、酒吧室内外细颗粒物浓度分别是289.34 μg/m3和128.40 μg/m3,不同类型餐厅、酒吧室内外细颗粒物浓度分别是413.46 μg/m3和190.62 μg/m3,西式快餐厅室内外细颗粒物浓度分别是83.86 μg/m3和104.77 μg/m3,不同档次的餐厅中,室外细颗粒物浓度均比室内低.所调查餐厅、酒吧的室内细颗粒物浓度与单位体积吸烟人数呈显著正相关.结论 餐厅内采取禁烟措施能有效减少环境烟草烟雾污染.
英文摘要:
      Objective To investigate the current smoking regulations and their impacts on the environmental tobacco smoke(ETS)levels inside restaurants and bars in Beijing.Methods Telephone survey was used to investigate the smoking regulations.TSI Sidepak AM510 was used to measure the level of fine particles less than 2.5 microns in diameter(PM_(2.5))in restaurants and bars.Analysis of variance and non-parametric rank tests were used to examine the association between indoor and outdoor PM_(2.5)levels and (1)smoking regulations;and(2)types of restaurants and bars.Results Of the 305 restaurants and bars surveyed,27.9 % had complete or partial smoking prohibiting rules.The average indoor PM_(2.5)level of the 92 restaurants and bars was 253.08μg/m~3,102.37% higher than the outdoor level.The average indoor and outdoor PM_(2.5)levels in the restaurants and bars with smoking ban regulations were 93.10μg/m~3 and 110.33μg/m~3 whole 289.34μg/m~3 and 128.40μg/m~3 in those without,respectively.The average indoor and outdoor PM_(2.5)levels of bars were 413.46μg/m~3 and 190.62μg/m~3,respectively,while in the western fast-food restaurants,they were 83.86μg/m~3 and 104.77μg/m~3,respectively.The outdoor PM_(2.5)levels were higher than the indoor levels in different classes of restaurants and bars.Furthermore,there was a significant positive correlation between PM_(2.5)levels and the number of smokers per cube meters(r=0.47, P0.001).Conclusion Smoking regulations could effectively reduce the ETS level in restaurants and bars.
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