文章摘要
梁娟,朱军,王艳萍,李明蓉.中国"降低孕产妇死亡率,消除新生儿破伤风"项目县降低孕产妇死亡主要因素分析[J].中华流行病学杂志,2007,28(8):746-748
中国"降低孕产妇死亡率,消除新生儿破伤风"项目县降低孕产妇死亡主要因素分析
Analysis on factors affecting maternal mortality in China
投稿时间:2007-01-11  修订日期:2007-08-10
DOI:
中文关键词: 孕产妇死亡率;住院分娩率;人均年收入
英文关键词: Maternal mortality rate;Hospital delivery rate;Income per capita
基金项目:
作者单位
梁娟 四川大学华西第二医院,全国妇幼卫生监测办公室, 成都 610041 
朱军 四川大学华西第二医院,全国妇幼卫生监测办公室, 成都 610041 
王艳萍 四川大学华西第二医院,全国妇幼卫生监测办公室, 成都 610041 
李明蓉 四川大学华西第二医院,全国妇幼卫生监测办公室, 成都 610041 
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中文摘要:
      目的了解影响孕产妇死亡的主要因素.结果 2003年全国"降消项目"县孕产妇死亡率为76.9/10万,住院分娩率为64.9%;人均年收入<1000 元的项目县孕产妇死亡率为100.9/10万,人均年收入≥2000元的项目县孕产妇死亡率为61.8/10万,人均年收入与孕产妇死亡率存在负相关关系;住院分娩率<50%的项目县孕产妇死亡率达107.2/10万,住院分娩率≥75%的项目县孕产妇死亡率为54.1/10万,住院分娩率与孕产妇死亡率存在负相关关系;人均年收入<1000 元住院分娩率≥75%的项目县为19.1%,人均年收入≥2000 元住院分娩率≥75%的项目县为66.7%,两者存在正相关关系.结论 人均年收入水平和住院分娩率对孕产妇死亡率均有影响.
英文摘要:
      Objective To investigate the factors related to maternal mortality rate in 1000 counties of projects on reducing maternal mortality rate(MMR)and eliminating tetanus neonates in China,2003. Methods Study on the association was performed using data on average income per capita,hospital delivery rate and MMR.Results Data showed that income per capita and hospital delivery rate had strong association with MMR.MMR for women with income less than 1000 Chinese Yuan per capita was 100.9 per 100 000 live births,and with income over 2000 Yuan per capita was 61.8 per 100 000 live births. MMR was 107.2 per 100 000 live births for women with hospital delivery rate less than 50%,and 54.1 per 100 000 live births with hospital delivery rate over 75%.The hospital delivery rate was less than 50% in the counties with income less than 1000 Yuan per capita,and over 75% with income over 2000 Yuan per capita.Only 19.1% of the counties with income less than 1000 Yuan per capita and 66.7% over 2000 Yuan per capita reached 75 % hospital delivery rate.Conclusion MMR and hospital delivery rate were affected by economic level of individuals.MMR seemed inversely proportional to income per capita and hospital delivery rate.The hospital delivery rate in 1000 counties was closely associated with income per capita.MMR could be reduced by enhancing hospital delivery rate.
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