文章摘要
张艳,郭宗琪,李秀文,崔志刚,聂一新,蒋秀高.钩端螺旋体脉冲场凝胶电泳标准化技术的建立及谱型特征初步分析[J].中华流行病学杂志,2007,28(8):772-775
钩端螺旋体脉冲场凝胶电泳标准化技术的建立及谱型特征初步分析
Establishment of standardized method for Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis on Leptospira interrogans and analysis on their patterns
投稿时间:2007-04-30  修订日期:2007-08-10
DOI:
中文关键词: 钩端螺旋体;脉冲场凝胶电泳;分子遗传学分型
英文关键词: Leptospira interrogans;Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis;Molecular-genetics typing
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
张艳 中国疾病预防控制中心传染病预防控制所人兽共患病室, 北京 102206  
郭宗琪 四川省疾病预防控制中心  
李秀文 中国疾病预防控制中心传染病预防控制所人兽共患病室, 北京 102206  
崔志刚 中国疾病预防控制中心传染病预防控制所人兽共患病室, 北京 102206  
聂一新 中国疾病预防控制中心传染病预防控制所人兽共患病室, 北京 102206  
蒋秀高 中国疾病预防控制中心传染病预防控制所人兽共患病室, 北京 102206 jiangxiugao@icdc.cn 
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中文摘要:
      目的 建立中国钩端螺旋体(钩体)脉冲场凝胶电泳(PFGE)的标准化操作程序及中国15群15型代表菌株的图谱数据库.方法 参照目前美国疾病控制中心及亚太地区PulseNet提供的其他病原体PFGE标准化操作程序,结合钩体菌株的特性,对菌体基因组染色体DNA纯化技术、限制性内切酶消解方案及脉冲场电泳参数进行优化.结果 利用标准化PFGE操作程序,建立了中国15群15型钩体代表菌株基因组DNA的NotⅠ酶切图谱,并对历年从四川、安徽省钩体病监测工作现场分离的部分黄疸出血群菌株进行PFGE分析,结果发现中国15群15型钩体代表菌株各自具有独特的谱型特征,24株黄疸出血群分离株存在3种谱型特征,91.67%(22/24)的分离株与黄疸出血群赖型(56601)的谱型匹配.结论 建立的PFGE标准化操作程序制作钩体菌株的酶切图谱,具有图像清晰、分辨率高、各种大小的片段分布均匀等特点,能较好地反映出中国钩体菌株的分子遗传学特征,与传统的血清学分类存在较好的相关性.
英文摘要:
      Objective To establish a standardized operation procedure for pulsed-field gel electrophoresis(PFGE)on Leptospira interrogans as well as a figure digital database to develop the Chinese representative reference strains.Methods Under the characteristics of strains and referring to the other SOPs of PFGE on pathogens provided by CDC and PulseNet Asia Pacific,genomic chromosome DNA purification,restriction endonuclease digestion and the parameters for running PFGE were optimized. Results NotⅠdigestion patterns of leptospiral genome for the Chinese representative strains were established and partial isolates of serogroup icterohaemorrhagiae from the leptospirosis surveillance in Sichuan and Anhui provinces were analyzed by PFGE.Results showed that each of all the 15 Chinese representative strains had a unique pattern.91.67%(22/24)of the 24 isolates identified as serogroup icterohaemorrhagiae matched to the map of the reference strain 56601(serogroup icterohaemorrhagiae serovar lai).Conclusion The PFGE figures were clear with high resolution and the fragments were equally distributed by this standardized operating procedure so as to reveal the molecular-genetic characteristics of Leptospira interrogans.The patterns had high relativity with the serological identification and seemed to be very important for genetic analysis of strains in studying the outbreak of leptospirosis.
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