文章摘要
何冬梅,邓峰,王洪敏,柯昌文,严纪文,朱海明,赖蔚苳,宋曼丹,杨冰,王 海燕,王建,马聪,柯碧霞,邓小玲,倪汉忠.广东省食品中单核细胞增多性李斯特菌脉冲场凝胶电泳技术分子分型的研究[J].中华流行病学杂志,2008,29(1):38-43
广东省食品中单核细胞增多性李斯特菌脉冲场凝胶电泳技术分子分型的研究
Molecular typing of Listeria monocytogenes isolated from foodstuff in Guangdong province by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis
收稿日期:2007-04-12  出版日期:2014-09-18
DOI:
中文关键词: 单核细胞增多性李斯特菌;脉冲场凝胶电泳技术;食品;分子分型
英文关键词: Norovirus;Acute viral gastroenteritis;Epidemiology
基金项目:
作者单位
何冬梅 中山大学公共卫生学院 
邓峰 广东省疾病预防控制中心微生物检验所,广州,510300 
王洪敏 广东省疾病预防控制中心微生物检验所,广州,510300 
柯昌文 广东省疾病预防控制中心微生物检验所,广州,510300 
严纪文 广东省疾病预防控制中心微生物检验所,广州,510300 
朱海明 广东省疾病预防控制中心微生物检验所,广州,510300 
赖蔚苳 广东省疾病预防控制中心微生物检验所,广州,510300 
宋曼丹 广东省疾病预防控制中心微生物检验所,广州,510300 
杨冰 广东省疾病预防控制中心微生物检验所,广州,510300 
王 海燕 广东省疾病预防控制中心微生物检验所,广州,510300 
王建 广东省疾病预防控制中心微生物检验所,广州,510300 
马聪 广东省疾病预防控制中心微生物检验所,广州,510300 
柯碧霞 广东省疾病预防控制中心微生物检验所,广州,510300 
邓小玲 广东省疾病预防控制中心微生物检验所,广州,510300 
倪汉忠 广东省疾病预防控制中心微生物检验所,广州,510300 
摘要点击次数: 1398
全文下载次数: 561
中文摘要:
      目的 应用脉冲场凝胶电泳技术(PFGE)对广东省食品中分离的单核细胞增多性李斯特菌(Lm)进行分子分型,并建立PFGE数据库.方法 参照美国PulseNet的Lm PFGE分子分型标准方法进行检测.应用BioNumerics软件对不同食物种类、时间和地点的分离株进行比对,分析菌株之间的相关性.结果 107株Lm分成41个PFGE型,型别较为分散|从鸡肉中分离的菌株数最多(37株),PFGE分型也最多(19个)|冷藏和冷冻食品的分离率较高,其中有26株菌仅存在1~2个电泳条带的差异,相似度极高|韶关和惠州地区分离的Lm存在着地区特异性|随时间变迁,部分菌株仍存在不同程度的相关性.结论 广东省食品中分离的Lm在整体上表现出较大的遗传多样性,但部分菌株有不同程度的相关性。
英文摘要:
      Objective To investigate the epidemiological characteristics of norovirus infection in Beijing.Methods Both outbreaks and sporadic cases of acute gastroenteritis were studied through questionnaires while the stools of patients were collected.Noroviruses were detected by ELISA or RT-PCR, and PCR products were cloned and sequenced.Results Eight outbreaks were reported between November 2006 and March 2007,which were confirmed as nosocomial infections.A total of 158 positive cases were detected among 409 sporadic cases of acute virus gastroenteritis with a positive rate of 38.63%.The highest positive rate (55.00%) was found in group aged from 40 to 44,while the lowest positive rate (21.74%) fell into groups aged from 55 to 59.The positive cases aged from 6 months to 91 years with the mean age of 40 years old including 84 males and 74 females.Data from sequence analysis showed that norovirus epidemic strains belonged to the GⅡ/4 variants in Beijing,which were almost identical to the variants causing epidemics both in the Netherlands and in Japan.Conclusion Norovirus was important, causing virus-borne diarrhea between 2006 and 2007 in Beijing,and the epidemic strains were consistent with those isolated from both the Netherlands and Japan in 2006.
查看全文   Html全文     查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
关闭