文章摘要
邵中军,郑英杰,张景霞,熊成龙,陆一涵,马文涛,徐德忠,姜庆五.西安市家畜戊型肝炎病毒携带情况调查[J].中华流行病学杂志,2008,29(2):158-160
西安市家畜戊型肝炎病毒携带情况调查
An investigation on hepatitis E virus infection status among livestock in Xi'an area
投稿时间:2007-09-17  修订日期:2012-06-20
DOI:
中文关键词: 戊型肝炎病毒;人兽共患病;家畜
英文关键词: Hepatitis E virus;Zoonosis;Livestock
基金项目:国家自然科学基金资助项目(30771842)
作者单位E-mail
邵中军 复旦大学公共卫生学院流行病学教研室, 上海 200032 jiangqw@shmu.edu.cn 
郑英杰 复旦大学公共卫生学院流行病学教研室, 上海 200032  
张景霞 第四军医大学预防医学系流行病学教研室  
熊成龙 复旦大学公共卫生学院流行病学教研室, 上海 200032  
陆一涵 复旦大学公共卫生学院流行病学教研室, 上海 200032  
马文涛 大同市第二卫生防疫站  
徐德忠 第四军医大学预防医学系流行病学教研室  
姜庆五 复旦大学公共卫生学院流行病学教研室, 上海 200032  
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中文摘要:
      目的 探讨西安市家畜戊型肝炎(戊肝)病毒(HEV)携带情况.方法 收集猪、犬等常见家畜的胆汁标本,采用逆转录巢式聚合酶链反应(RT-nPCR)技术扩增HEV基因组开放读码2(ORF2)区域内150 nt片段;阳性标本PCR产物直接测序,并与GenBank数据库进行比对,构建进化树分析遗传特征.结果 共收集猪胆汁标本194份,犬胆汁标本178份,牛胆汁标本79份,羊胆汁标本191份.RT-nPCR检测结果表明,四种家畜胆汁标本HEV RNA阳性率分别为4.10%、0%、0%、0%;遗传距离分析发现本次得到的HEV与Ⅳ型HEV距离最近,其次为Ⅰ型、Ⅱ型和Ⅲ型;氨基酸水平也显示了同样的规律.结论 猪是HEV家畜宿主,Ⅳ型是主要流行型.
英文摘要:
      objective To explore the carrier state of hepatitis E virus(HEV) in livestock in Xi’an area.Methods Bile samples from swine, canine, sheep and cow were collected from a local slaughtering house.Reverse transcriptase nested polymerase chain reaction(RT-nPCR) was employed to amplify the ORF2 region in HEV RNA genome.All positive samples were sequenced and compared with data from GenBank.Homology analysis was conducted based on the outcome of sequencing.Results 194,178, 79 and 191 bile samples from swine, canine, cow and sheep were collected.Positive rates with RT-nPCR method in these domestic animals were 4.1096,0%,0 % and 0 % respectively.Genetic distance analysis indicated that strains being identified were close to genotype IV of HEV, then genotype I,II and III in nucleic acid.Same outcome was shown by the same analysis on amino acid.Conclusion Swine was the only reservoir of HEV in livestock and genotype IV was the prevalent genotype.
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