文章摘要
钱玲,胡桃,IanM.Newman,侯培森.河南省两城市高中生文化定位、饮酒期望、自我效能与饮酒行为的研究[J].中华流行病学杂志,2008,29(3):235-240
河南省两城市高中生文化定位、饮酒期望、自我效能与饮酒行为的研究
Study on the relationships between cultural orientation, alcohol expectancy, self-efficacy and drinking behavior among senior high school students in two cities of Henan province
收稿日期:2007-07-26  出版日期:2014-09-15
DOI:
中文关键词: 饮酒期望;自我效能;健康教育;高中生
英文关键词: Alcohol drinking expectance;Self-efficacy;Health education;Senior high school
基金项目:
作者单位
钱玲 中国疾病预防控制中心健康教育所 100011 北京 
胡桃 中国疾病预防控制中心健康教育所 100011 北京 
IanM.Newman Nebraska Prevention Center for Alcohol and Drug Abuse, Department of Education Psychology, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, USA(Ian M. Newman)
 
侯培森 中国疾病预防控制中心 
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中文摘要:
      目的 探讨河南省两城市高中生文化定位、饮酒期望、自我效能和饮酒行为之间的关系,为有针对性地设计预防控制青少年饮酒教育项目提供理论依据.方法 采用分层整群随机抽样方法,于2005年11月对河南省郑州、信阳两市6所高中2756名高一、二学生进行匿名问卷调查,利用SPSS 13.0和SAS 8.10软件完成数据分析.结果 调查学生饮酒率为56.5%.文化定位总均分为3.25(3.09,3.42);饮酒期望总均分为3.02(2.81,3.23);饮酒自我效能总均分为79.64(60.36,93.21).传统文化定位、西方文化定位、饮酒积极期望、饮酒消极期望、饮酒自我效能、饮酒行为各因素之间均存在直接或间接关联.过去30 d内较少的饮酒天数与较高的饮酒自我效能和饮酒消极期望、较低的饮酒积极期望和西方文化定位直接相关(相关系数分别是-0.346、-0.282、0.234和0.162),与中国传统文化定位无直接相关.结论 调查学生饮酒情况比较严重,不同饮酒信念和文化定位影响饮酒行为的发生,预防控制青少年饮酒教育活动可以此作为切入点进行.
英文摘要:
      Objective To explore the relationships between alcohol expectancy,cultural orientation, self-efficacy and drinking behavior to provide theoretical support for the development of education programs aimed at preventing alcohol abuse among adolescents. Methods An anonymous quantitative survey of 2756 tenth and eleventh grade students in six senior high schools in Zhengzhou and Xinyang city of Henan province was conducted in November 2005 and data was analyzed by SPSS 13.0 software. Results The overall rate of drinking alcohol among participants was 56. 5%.The median score of cultural orientation was3.25(3.09,3.42);of alcohol expectancy was 3. 02 ( 2. 81,3.23);and 79.64(60.36,93.21)of alcohol self-efficacy. Direct or indirect relationships were found between Chinese traditional cultural orientation, western cultural orientation, alcohol positive expectancy, alcohol negative expectancy, alcohol self-efficacy and alcohol drinking behavior. Lower monthly drinking habit was directly associated with higher self-efficacy and higher negative expectancies,lower positive expectancies and lower western cultural orientation (coefficients=一0.346,一0.282,0.234 and 0.162 respectively),but not with Chinese cultural orientation variables. Conclusion The current situation of alcohol drinking among the participants was critical. Drinking behavior seemed mast affected by drinking beliefs and cultural oriemation,suggesting that the development of education programs should focus on students' beliefs.
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