文章摘要
叶新华,金玉,方肇寅,程卫霞,杨学梅,黄湘,谢华萍.兰州地区2003—2007年急性腹泻住院患儿中札如病毒感染情况研究[J].中华流行病学杂志,2008,29(8):843-844
兰州地区2003—2007年急性腹泻住院患儿中札如病毒感染情况研究
Infection of sapoviruses children hospitalized with acute gastroenteritis in Lanzhou 2003—2007
投稿时间:2008-04-10  
DOI:
中文关键词: 急性腹泻;札如病毒
英文关键词: Acute gastroenteritis;Sapovirua
基金项目:国家自然科学基金资助项目(30270069);世界卫生组织基金资助项目(V2711811123);美国PATH基金资助项目(GAV.1142一01.07228.LPS);甘肃省科技攻关课题资助项目(2GS054一A43.014—27)
作者单位E-mail
叶新华 兰州大学第一医院儿科,730000 ckzhong@lzu.edu.cn 
金玉 兰州大学第一医院儿科,730000  
方肇寅 中国疾病预防控制中心病毒病预防控制所,73000  
程卫霞 兰州大学第一医院儿科,730000  
杨学梅 兰州大学第一医院儿科,730000  
黄湘 兰州大学第一医院儿科,730000  
谢华萍 中国疾病预防控制中心病毒病预防控制所,73000  
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中文摘要:
      诺如病毒(NV)和札如病毒(SV)同属人类杯状病毒(HuCV),是仅次于轮状病毒(RV)引起儿童急性腹泻的主要病原。本研究对兰州地区急性腹泻住院患儿中SV感染情况、临床特点、基因多态性和遗传变异规律进行初步研究。
英文摘要:
      Based on the estimate results of the capacity and preparedness of Beijing hospitals to respond to pandemic influenza,using flu surge model to evaluate its applicable hypothesis and to provide government with sentient strategy in planning pandemic influenza.Through collection of medical resources information, we calculated the possible impaction on hospitals by Flu Surge model and explored the applicable hypothesis in model operation through a questionnaire, direct observation and group discussion in 3 hospitals in Beijing.Based on flu surge model estimation during a 6-week epidemic from a pandemic virus with 35 % attack rate, Beijing would have had an estimation of 5 383 000 influenza illnesses, 2 691 500 influenza autpatients, 76 450 influenza hospitalizations and 14 508 excess deaths.For a 6-week period with 35 % attack rate, there would be a peak demand for 8 % of beds, 210 % of ICU beds, and 128 % of ventilators estimated.Outpatients in different level hospital were quite disproportionated with 1742/ hospatail/day, 650/hospatail/day, and 139/hospatail/day respectively.The sampled health workers had a mastery of 63.4 % of the total knowledge and skills of diagnosing and treating of influenza, 73.5%of them washed their hands and 63.5%used PPE correctly.The total beds capacity, medical beds capacity and respiratory medical beds capacity would increase 8%,35 % and 128 % respectively.Conclusion The estimation results could be referenced when planning the pandemic strategy, but the results should be treated objective ly when considering the hypothesis and practical situation in this model being used.
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