文章摘要
祁芝珍,李超,王丽,赵海红,杨晓艳,李存香,何建,魏荣杰.青海省三江源地区鼠疫病原学分析[J].中华流行病学杂志,2009,30(1):54-57
青海省三江源地区鼠疫病原学分析
Study on the pathogen of plague in Sanjiangyuan area in Qinghai province
收稿日期:2008-06-23  出版日期:2014-09-11
DOI:
中文关键词: 鼠疫;病原学分析;流行病学
英文关键词: Plague;Pathogen analysis;Epidemiology
基金项目:青海省重点科技攻关课题资助项目(2006-N-153)
作者单位
祁芝珍 811602 西宁, 青海省地方病预防控制所鼠疫预防控制科 
李超 811602 西宁, 青海省地方病预防控制所鼠疫预防控制科 
王丽 811602 西宁, 青海省地方病预防控制所鼠疫预防控制科 
赵海红 811602 西宁, 青海省地方病预防控制所鼠疫预防控制科 
杨晓艳 811602 西宁, 青海省地方病预防控制所鼠疫预防控制科 
李存香 811602 西宁, 青海省地方病预防控制所鼠疫预防控制科 
何建 811602 西宁, 青海省地方病预防控制所鼠疫预防控制科 
魏荣杰 811602 西宁, 青海省地方病预防控制所鼠疫预防控制科 
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中文摘要:
      目的 研究青海省三江源地区鼠疫菌株生物学特性并确定疫源地空间结构及性质.方法 对1954-2007年青海省三江源地区分离的鼠疫菌株进行生物学表型鉴定及分子生物学研究.结果 411株代表性菌株中,12株脱氮(-)阿胶糖(-)甘油(+)属田鼠型,399株为脱氮(+)阿胶糖(+)甘油(+)属古典型.411株均能产生F1和Pst I;vw+菌株占95.13%(391/411),VW-菌株占4.87%(20/411);Pgm+菌株占80.78%(332/411)、Pgm+菌株占9%(37/411)、Pgm-菌株占10.22%(42/411).220株代表株中96.82%(213/220)的菌株对小白鼠表现为强毒株,3.18%(7,220)为中等毒力,说明绝大多数具高致病性,其毒力很强.90.02%(307/341)菌株携带6×106 45×106 x65×106质粒.80株代表株包括8个基因组型,其中6个基因型与原分型相同,另有2个新的基因组型.结论 三江源地区鼠疫菌株具备青藏高原鼠疫病原体特性,人类一旦感染可导致发病急、病情重、传染性强、病死率高等特点.
英文摘要:
      Objective To study the biological characteristics of Yersinia pestis and to develop prevention and control program on plague in Sanjiangyuan areas,Qinghai province.Methods To identify the biologic types and molecular biological features of Y.pestis isolated in Sanjiangyuan area from 1954-2007.Results Among the 411 strains ofY.pestis,12 strains belonged to the microtus type Y.pestis with denitrification (-) and donkey-bible gelatin carbohydrate(-) and glycerine(+).399 strains belonged to classic type Y.pestis with denitrification (+) and donkey-hide gelatin carbohydrate (+) and glycerine (+).411 Y.pestis strains had factor F I and Pst I.Among them,VW + strains of Y.pestis accounted for 95.13%(391/411),VW accounted for 4.87%(20/411),Pgm+accounted for 80.78%(332/411 ),Pgm±accounted for 9% (37/411 ) and Pgm-accounted for 10.22% (42/411) respectively.96.82% (213/220) of the Y.pestis strains showed strong virulence to laboratory mice while 3.18% (7/220) of the strains carried medium virulence.90.02% of the tested Y.pestis (370/411) strains had 6×106,45×106,65×106 plasmids.8 types of genome were found among 80 strains of Y.pestis,with 6 of them resembling ZHOU Dongsheng's classification.Two new genome types were found.Conclusion The Y.pestis in the Sanjiangyuan area had the characteristics of plague pathogen,identified in Qinghai-Tibet plateau.It is estimated that human beings are highly susceptible to the disease which spread fast,causing serious signs and symptoms with high death rate.
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