文章摘要
崔颖,杨丽,吕孟涛.中国2005年部分地区农村妇女产前检查状况分析[J].中华流行病学杂志,2009,30(9):887-890
中国2005年部分地区农村妇女产前检查状况分析
Analysis on the status of antenatal checkup program in certain areas of China.2005
投稿时间:2008-12-12  修订日期:2007-10-11
DOI:
中文关键词: 产前检查;农村妇女;影响因素
英文关键词: Antenatal checkup;Rural women;Influencing factors
基金项目:
作者单位
崔颖 中国疾病预防控制中心妇幼保健中心, 北京 100013 
杨丽 中国疾病预防控制中心妇幼保健中心, 北京 100013 
吕孟涛 中国疾病预防控制中心妇幼保健中心, 北京 100013 
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中文摘要:
      目的了解中国部分地区农村妇女产前检查现状并分析其影响因素。方法在10个省46个项目县采用分层随机抽样的方法,对230个乡920个村的13 532名3岁以下儿童母亲进行面对面的问卷调查。采用SPSS II.5软件进行统计分析,对产前检查的影响因素进行f检验和多因素非条件logistic回归分析。结果13 532名妇女产前检查覆盖率为95.7%,平均产前检查为4.9次。/>5次产前检查比例为50.8%。孕早期检查比例为25.9%,不同省的产前检查覆盖率、≥5次产前检查比例和孕早期检查比例差异有统计学意义(P/5次产前检查和孕早期检查比例较少数民族妇女和其他年龄组的妇女高。家庭中有电视机的妇女>/5次产前检查和孕早期检查比例分别为52.8%和26.7%。家庭中有交通工具的妇女>/5次产前检查和孕早期检查比例分别为56.7%和28.1%。多因素logistic分析显示,民族、母亲文化程度、年龄、家庭是否拥有电视机和交通工具、是否接受过孕期保健宣传和住院分娩动员与产前检查有统计学联系。结论b>欠发达地区、文盲、自我保健意识差和少数民族等农村妇女产前检查比例低。
英文摘要:
      objective To investigate the status and related factors on antenatal checkup program in women from certain parts of China.Methods Atotal number of l3532 methers who hadchildren under-3 years of age,from 920 village in 46 counties。were recruited through random sampling methodology.SPSS 11.5,22 test and Iogistic regression were used for data analysis.Results The coverage of antennal care was 95.7%.with the average times of antenatal checkup as4.9.The proportion of women who received five and more times of antenatal checkup Was 50.8%.25.9%of the pregnant women received antenatal checkup before l 2 weeks of gestation.There were significant differences among data on antenatal coverage and the proportion of≥5 times antenatal checkup as well as having received antenatal checkup before 12 weeks(P<0.01).Factors including age.education.nationality and economic situation had influenced the rates on antenatal checkup.Wbmen with illiteraey had a lower antenatal checkup rate than those literate.Women under Hall nationality and at 25-34 years of age had higher rates on antenatal checkup than other minorities or at other age groups.Rates on women having had≥5 times of antenatal checkup or having antenatal checkup before 12 weeks of gestation were 52.8%and 26.7%in the families that owned a television set and 56.7%.28.1%in the families that owned traffic tools.Data from factor analysis revealed that nationality,age,women’s education level。properties as owning television set or tramC tools in the families,knowledge orl hospital delivery and health education provided during pregnancy were related to the rates of antenatal checkup.Conclusion The quality of antenatal checkup.especially at the first 1 weeks.should be improved.
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