文章摘要
康美玉,高玉梅,霍红旗,陈育民,王健,李梅杰,杜涛.河北省3632名城乡社区老年人慢性病及老年痴呆的现况调查[J].中华流行病学杂志,2011,32(7):672-675
河北省3632名城乡社区老年人慢性病及老年痴呆的现况调查
Epidemiological leatures of chronic and Aizheimer’S diseases in the community-based elderly living in cities and couties in Hebei province
收稿日期:2010-12-06  出版日期:2014-09-10
DOI:
中文关键词: 老年痴呆;慢性病;患病率
英文关键词: Epidemiological leatures of chronic and Aizheimer’S diseases in the community-based elderly living in cities and couties in Hebei provinc
基金项目:河北省科技攻关项目(04276101D)
作者单位E-mail
康美玉 056029 邯郸, 河北工程大学医学院  
高玉梅 056029 邯郸, 河北工程大学医学院 gaoyumei40@126.com 
霍红旗 邯郸市中心医院  
陈育民 056029 邯郸, 河北工程大学医学院  
王健 056029 邯郸, 河北工程大学医学院  
李梅杰 邯郸市第二医院  
杜涛 056029 邯郸, 河北工程大学医学院  
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中文摘要:
      目的了解河北省内城乡社区老年人群老年痴呆的流行现况。方法采用多级分层整群抽样调查,利用简易智能状态检查表(MMSE)、日常生活能力量表(ADL)及相应的老年痴呆诊断标准,数据用SPSS 13.0软件进行统计学分析。结果河北省城乡≥60岁老年人慢性病的总患病率为64.84%(2355/3632),男女性患病率和总患病率均随年龄增高而升高。老年痴呆总患病率为7.24%(263/3632),其中阿尔茨海默病(AD)为4.87%(177/3632),位于高血压(32.35%)、糖尿病(11.37%)、慢性阻塞性肺疾病(9.25%)、冠心病(8.84%)和脑卒中(7.16%)之后的第六位。AD的患病率有随年龄增加而升高及随文化程度增高而降低的趋势。结论河北省社区老年人包括AD在内的慢性病总患病率较高,AD已成为老年人主要慢性病,患病率随年龄增高而升高。
英文摘要:
      0bjective To understand the epidcaniological features of Alzheimer’S disease(AD)in the community.based elderly living in cities and counties in Hebei province.Methods Under the stratified random sampling method。Mini Mental State Examination(MMSE)WaS used to evaluate senile dementia and Activity of Daily Living Scale(ADL)and to evaluate the daily lives of the elderly.Related dementia standard on the diagnose ofAD and its subtypes was used.Statistically,data was analyzed through SPSS 13.0 software.Results The overall prevalence was 64.84%(2355/3632)on chronic diseases in those elderly who were over 60 years of age while AD appeared to be high and increased with age.The prevalence rate of dementia Was 7.24%(263/3632),in which AD accounted for 4.87%(1 77/3632).Rates for other chronic diseases were as follows:hypertension (32.35%)。diabetes(11.37%),chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(9.25%)。coronary heart disease(8.84%)and stroke(7.1 6%).11be prevalence of AD increased with age and was related to the low degree of education having.Conclusion Elderly living in the communities of Hebei province showed high prevalent rates of chronic diseases including AD,which had become the major kind of diseases related to old age.
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