文章摘要
李立明,吕筠.中国慢性病研究及防治实践的历史与现状[J].中华流行病学杂志,2011,32(8):741-745
中国慢性病研究及防治实践的历史与现状
History and current status of research and practices in the prevention and treatment of chronic diseases in China
收稿日期:2011-04-25  出版日期:2014-09-17
DOI:
中文关键词: 慢性病;防治实践
英文关键词: Chronic diseases;Prevention and treatment
基金项目:美国RoswellPark TTURC基金
作者单位E-mail
李立明 北京大学公共卫生学院流行病与卫生统计学系,100191 lmlee@vip.163.com 
吕筠 北京大学公共卫生学院流行病与卫生统计学系,100191  
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中文摘要:
      不论是心脑血管疾病、癌症、慢性呼吸系统疾病、糖尿病等主要慢性病,还是高血压、血脂异常、肥胖等中间疾病,或是吸烟、不合理膳食、少体力活动等不健康的生活方式,人群的流行病学研究数据都说明,慢性病是当前以及今后相当一段时期内对中国人群生命和健康的最大威胁.
英文摘要:
      know the situation of tobacco advertisement,promotions and related factors in six cities in China.Methods 4815 adults (above 18 years),selected form Beijing,Shanghai,Shenyang,Changsha,Guangzhou and Yinchuan through probability proportionate sampling and simple random sampling,were investigated through questionnaires.Results The most commonly reported channels that smokers noticed tobacco advertisements were billboards (35.6%) and television (34.4%).The most commonly reported tobacco promotional activities that were noticed by smokers were flee gills when buying cigarettes (23.1% ) and free samples of cigarettes (13.9%).Smokers in Changsha were more likely to report noticing tobacco advertisement on billboards (X2=562.474,P<0.001),and on television(X2=265.570,P<0.001 ).Smokers in Claangsha (X2=58.314,P<0.001 ) were more likely to notice tobacco related news and games.A logistic regression analysis showed that the living and education level were related to awareness of tobacco advertisement and promotion.Conclusion It was universal to see tobacco advertisement and promotions in cities in China but the laws and regulations about tobacco-control were not uniformly executed in different cities.It is necessary to perfect and uniform related laws and regulations.
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