文章摘要
安维维,余小鸣,张芯,郭利娜,李英奇,王嘉.高校在校学生健康素养现况调查及影响因素分析[J].中华流行病学杂志,2011,32(8):781-785
高校在校学生健康素养现况调查及影响因素分析
A cross-sectional study on health-related knowledge and skills and its influencing factors among the Chinese college students
收稿日期:2011-03-17  出版日期:2014-09-17
DOI:
中文关键词: 健康素养;高校在校学生;现况调查;影响因素
英文关键词: Health literacy;Students of higher education;Cross-sectional investigation;Influencing factors
基金项目:北京市自然科学基金(7052009)
作者单位E-mail
安维维 北京大学医学部公共卫生学院儿童青少年卫生研究所(安维维、余小鸣、郭利娜、王嘉)100191  
余小鸣 北京大学医学部公共卫生学院儿童青少年卫生研究所(安维维、余小鸣、郭利娜、王嘉)100191 yxm@bjmu.edu.cn 
张芯 教育部体育卫生与艺术教育司(张芯、李英奇)  
郭利娜 北京大学医学部公共卫生学院儿童青少年卫生研究所(安维维、余小鸣、郭利娜、王嘉)100191  
李英奇 教育部体育卫生与艺术教育司(张芯、李英奇)  
王嘉 北京大学医学部公共卫生学院儿童青少年卫生研究所(安维维、余小鸣、郭利娜、王嘉)100191  
摘要点击次数: 2279
全文下载次数: 1264
中文摘要:
      目的<\b>了解全国高校在校学生健康素养水平现况。方法<\b>采用分阶段目的<\b>抽样和方便抽样混合的抽样方法<\b>,对全国7 省市内28 所不同类型高校非毕业年级学生5070 人使用自编问卷进行健康素养现况的横断面调查,用SPSS 13.0 软件进行统计学分析。结果<\b>5070 名调查对象健康素养基本知识和技能得分百分制平均分为(74.139±12.0223)分,38.4%具有基本健康素养(≥80 分);在健康素养基本知识与技能的5 个维度中,慢性病预防维度及格率最低(1.1%)。健康素养基本知识与技能总分及5 个维度得分的及格率在不同性别、不同地区高校和不同高校类型间的分布差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);高校所处地区、高校类型是影响学生健康素养水平的重要因素(P<0.05)。结论<\b>高校在校学生中低健康素养流行率较高,在慢性病预防、基本医疗知识等维度尤为突出;低健康素养在其不同人群中分布存在差异。
英文摘要:
      Objective To investigate the status on health-related knowledge and skills among the college students.Methods 5070 Chinese students from 28 universities or colleges were sampled,using the multiple-stage stratified,purposive and convenient mixed sampling method. A cross-sectional investigation on health literacy was conducted with self-designed questionnaire,and SPSS 13.0 was used to statistically analyze the data.Results The average scores on health-related related knowledge and skills among the subjects was 74.139±12.0223,with 38.4% on basic healthrelated literacy(scores≥80). The rate(1.1%)of passing the margin line set for the awareness on chronic disease prevention appeared to be the lowest. And there noticed significant differences(P< 0.05)in different regions,types,and genders on the basic health-related knowledge and skills as well as on the prevalence rates of total and each dimensional health-related literacy among universities and colleges. Regions and types of universities and colleges were the main influencing factors on the levels of health-related knowledge and skills among the college students.Conclusion The prevalence of basic health-related knowledge and skills was low and the prevalence rates of health-related knowledge and skills were differently distributed among student populations under study.
查看全文   Html全文     查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
关闭