文章摘要
武丽,胡洋,宇翔,张涛,曹中强,王友洁.湖北省农村地区社会支持与老年人虐待关系的研究[J].中华流行病学杂志,2011,32(10):978-982
湖北省农村地区社会支持与老年人虐待关系的研究
Association between social support and mistreatment on elderly in the rural community of Hubei province
收稿日期:2011-04-22  出版日期:2014-09-11
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2011.10.006
中文关键词: 虐待;老年人;社会支持;影响因素
英文关键词: Elder mistreatment;Social support;Influencing factors
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(30671733);教育部新世纪优秀人才资助计划(07-0333)
作者单位E-mail
武丽 华中科技大学同济医学院公共卫生学院儿少卫生与妇幼保健学系, 武汉 430030  
胡洋 华中科技大学同济医学院公共卫生学院儿少卫生与妇幼保健学系, 武汉 430030  
宇翔 劳动卫生与环境卫生学系  
张涛 劳动卫生与环境卫生学系  
曹中强 劳动卫生与环境卫生学系  
王友洁 华中科技大学同济医学院公共卫生学院儿少卫生与妇幼保健学系, 武汉 430030 wangyoujie@mails.tjmu.edu 
摘要点击次数: 1058
全文下载次数: 703
中文摘要:
      目的 研究湖北省麻城市农村地区老年人虐待发生情况,探讨社会支持与老年人虐待间的关系。方法 采用横断面调查研究方法,整群抽取麻城市农村地区3个办事处17个行政村≥60岁的老年人,调查过去一年内虐待发生情况及相关因素。调查内容包括一般情况、社会支持以及老年人虐待情况等。结果 麻城市农村地区老年人总虐待、身体虐待、情感虐待、疏于照顾和经济剥削的发生率分别为36.2%、4.9%、27.3%、15.8%和2.0%。控制性别、年龄等混杂因素后,需要家人生活或经济上的支持和帮助是总虐待的危险因素(OR= 1.28,95%CI: 1.01~1.63),而需要时得到家人生活或经济(OR=0.76,95%CI: 0.58~0.98)、精神(OR=0.63,95%CI: 0.49~ 0.82) 和朋友在精神(OR=0.73,95%CI: 0.59~ 0.90)上的支持和帮助是虐待的保护因素。身体虐待、情感虐待、疏于照顾和经济剥削的保护因素分别是需要时得到家人生活或经济上的支持和帮助 (OR=0.59,95%CI:0.35~0.99)、需要时得到家人(OR=0.67,95%CI: 0.51~0.89)及朋友(OR= 0.67,95% CI: 0.54~0.84)精神上的支持和关心、需要时得到家人生活或经济上的支持和帮助 (OR=0.63,95%CI: 0.45~0.88)、需要时得到家人生活或经济(OR=0.38,95%CI:0.14~0.98)上以及朋友或其他人精神( OR= 0.42,95%CI:0.20~0.87)上的支持和帮助。结论 麻城农村地区老年人受虐待现状不容乐观,社会支持是老年人虐待发生的一个重要影响因素。
英文摘要:
      This study was to estimate the prevalence of elderly mistreatment (EM) in rural community and to examine the association between social support and the risk of the EM. Methods A cross-sectional descriptive study was performed in three rural communities (17 villages) in Macheng city of Hubei province. 2000 subjects aged 60 years or older were selected using cluster sampling. Questionnaire being developed would include general information, a scale to measure social support, and a modified vulnerability on abuse screening scale (VASS) to measure the EM. Results The prevalence rates of EM, physical abuse, emotional abuse, neglect and financial exploitation for rural elderly people in Macheng city were 36.2%, 4.9%, 27.3%, 15.8%, and 2.0% respectively. After adjusting for potential confounding factors, necessary practical support from family (OR= 1.28, 95%CI: 1.01-1.63) was the risk factor causing EM while having got practical support (OR=0.76, 95%CI: 0.58-0.98) or moral support (OR=0.63,95%CI: 0.49-0.82) from family and moral support from friends (OR=0.73,95%CI: 0.59-0.90) when in need were the protective factors. The protective factors on physical abuse, emotional abuse, neglect and financial exploitation would include: getting practical support from family when in need (OR=0.59, 95%CI: 0.35-0.99), getting moral support from family (OR=0.67, 95% CI: 0.51-0.89) and friends (OR=0.67, 95% CI:0.54-0.84) and getting practical support from family when in need (OR=0.63,95%CI: 0.45-0.88), getting practical support from family ( OR = 0.38,95% CI: 0.14-0.98 ) and getting moral support from friends when in need (OR=0.42,95%CI:0.20-0.87) ,respectively. Conclusion High prevalence of EM was seen in the rural areas of Macheng city. Social support was an important protective factor for EM in this population.
查看全文   Html全文     查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
关闭