文章摘要
张超,孙雷焕,曾令霞,颜虹.陕西省4668名0~12岁农村儿童意外伤害现状调查[J].中华流行病学杂志,2011,32(12):1221-1223
陕西省4668名0~12岁农村儿童意外伤害现状调查
Investigation on the unintentional injuries among rural children in Shaanxi province
收稿日期:2011-07-09  出版日期:2014-09-24
DOI:
中文关键词: 意外伤害|发生率|农村儿童
英文关键词: Unintentional injuries| Incidence| Rural children
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
张超 西安交通大学医学院卫生统计学教研室, 710061 yanhonge@mail.xjtu.edu.cn 
孙雷焕 西安交通大学医学院卫生统计学教研室, 710061  
曾令霞 西安交通大学医学院卫生统计学教研室, 710061  
颜虹 西安交通大学医学院卫生统计学教研室, 710061  
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中文摘要:
      目的了解陕西省农村0~12岁儿童意外伤害现状.方法采用三阶段分层随机抽样法,于2010年对陕西省5个县农村0~12岁4668名儿童一年中意外伤害的发生情况进行调查.结果4668名儿童意外伤害年发生率为27.3%,男童为28.7%,女童为25.6%,男童明显高于女童(x2=5.91,P=0.015);不同年龄组儿童意外伤害发生率存在明显差异(x2=9.91,P=0.007),0~3岁组儿童意外伤害发生率最高,其次为7~12岁组和4~6岁组;在发生的各种意外伤害中,跌落伤的发生率占首位;随家庭经济状况的下降儿童意外伤害的发生率不断上升.结论陕西省农村儿童意外伤害的类型主要是跌落伤;伤害的高发年龄段为0~3岁;家庭经济状况对儿童意外伤害的发生有一定影响.
英文摘要:
      Objective To investigate the current status of unintentional injuries among rural children aged 0-12 years in Shaanxi.Methods Using a three-stage stratified random sampling method to study the status of unintentional injuries among 4668 children aged 0-12 years old during the period of 2010 in rural areas of Shaanxi province.Results The overall incidence of injure was 27.3%,with boys as 28.7% and girls as 25.6% respectively(x2=5.91,P=0.015).Age differences in unintentional injuries rate were also significant(x2=9.91,P=0.007),with children under 0-3 years old having the highest rate of injuries,followed by 7-12 and 4-6 year-olds.Falls took the leading type of accidence among both sexes and all age groups.Poorer the family economic situation was,higher the incidence of unintentional injuries appeared.Conclusion Falls was the leading cause of unintentional injuries among rural children in Shaanxi province,with age 0-3 year group appeared the highest to suffer unintentional injuries.Unintentional injuries were associated with the economic status of the families.
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