文章摘要
闫敬,朱翠珍,司徒明镜,杜娜,黄颐.四川省1312名中学生非自杀性自伤行为检出率及其危险因素研究[J].中华流行病学杂志,2012,33(1):46-49
四川省1312名中学生非自杀性自伤行为检出率及其危险因素研究
Study on the detection rate and risk factors regarding non—suicidal sdf-injurions behavior in middle school students
收稿日期:2011-08-22  出版日期:2014-09-10
DOI:
中文关键词: 非自杀性自伤  中学生  危险因素
英文关键词: Non—suicidal self-tnjury  Middle school students  Risk factors
基金项目:国家科技支撑计划(2009BA77800)
作者单位E-mail
闫敬 四川大学华西心理卫生中心, 成都 610041  
朱翠珍 安徽省芜湖市第二人民医院  
司徒明镜 四川大学华西心理卫生中心, 成都 610041  
杜娜 四川大学华西心理卫生中心, 成都 610041  
黄颐 四川大学华西心理卫生中心, 成都 610041 Email:edwangyun@yahoo.com.cn 
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中文摘要:
      目的 了解中学生非自杀性自伤行为的检出率及其危险因素。方法 采用青少年危险行为评定量表(RBQ-A)、家庭环境量表简式(FES-F)、调查用抑郁白评量表(CES-D)、青少年生活事件量表(ASLEC)、青少年社会支持量表(SSSA)及自制的一般情况调查量表,于2011年4月以多阶段抽样的方法对四川省彭州市和三台县抽取的1312名中学生进行调查,收回有效问卷1288份;采用多因素logistic回归分析,筛选出中学生非自杀性自伤行为的主要危险因素。结果 1288名中学生中,有22.67%的人在近一年内曾有过非自杀性自伤行为,男女生检出率分别为22.70%、22.64%,两者差异无统计学意义(P>0.05)。有63.36%的人曾采用多种不同的方式进行自我伤害,割伤或烫伤自己者中以男生居多,为26.88%,女生为11.36%。有非自杀性自伤行为者的ASLEC、CES-D的量表分数较无自伤行为者高,而SSSA量表分数则低于无白伤者。logistic回归分析结果显示,家庭矛盾、抑郁情绪、负性生活事件、社会支持少是中学生发生非自杀性白伤行为的主要危险因素。结论 当地中学生非自杀性自伤行为发生率很高,应依据其主要危险因素采取必要的干预措施。
英文摘要:
      Objective To understand the prevalence and risk factors of non-suicidal self-injury in middle school students.Methods 1312 middle school students of Pengzhou and Santai were selected to fill in a Risky Behavior Questionnaire for Adoluscents (RBQ-A),Family Environment Scale ( FES ),Center for Epidemiological Survey,Depression Scale (CES-D),Adolescent Self-Rating Life Events Check List (ASLEC),Social Support Scale for Adolescents (SSSA) and self-administered questionnaire.In all the research subjects,1288 were qualified for the study in April 2011 before the risk factors for non-suicidal self-injury were identified by logistic regression.Results In 1288 middle school students,22.67% had a history of non-suicidal self-injury,with 22.70% in boys and 22.64% in girls.63.36% of students had injured themselves through variouslyways,more seen in boys (26.88%) than in girls (11.36% ) who cut or burnt themselves.The scores of ASLEC and CES-D in non-suicidal self-injury group appeared higher than that in the control group and the score of SSSA was found higher in the control group.The main risk factors for non-suicidal self-injuries were family conflict,depressive emotion,negative life events and receiving less social support.Conclusion The prevalence of non-suicidal self-injury among middle school students in Pengzhou was high,whicn called for more attention.
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