文章摘要
张静,蒋秋静,刘娜,熊超,杨昌友,郑小璇,杨森焙,杜玉开.2006年中国10省(区)农村婴幼儿体格发育不良影响因素分析[J].中华流行病学杂志,2012,33(2):131-134
2006年中国10省(区)农村婴幼儿体格发育不良影响因素分析
Influencing factors on underweight and stunting among children aged 0-3 years in rural areas from ten provinces in China
收稿日期:2011-09-22  出版日期:2014-09-10
DOI:
中文关键词: 体重低下;生长迟缓;影响因素;农村
英文关键词: Underweight;Stunting;Influencing factors;Rural areas
基金项目:卫生部妇幼保健与社区卫生司委托项目(2006-11)
作者单位E-mail
张静 华中科技大学同济医学院公共卫生学院儿, 武汉 430030 fyebzj@126.com 
蒋秋静 华中科技大学同济医学院公共卫生学院儿, 武汉 430030  
刘娜 华中科技大学同济医学院公共卫生学院儿, 武汉 430030  
熊超 华中科技大学同济医学院公共卫生学院儿, 武汉 430030  
杨昌友 华中科技大学同济医学院公共卫生学院儿, 武汉 430030  
郑小璇 华中科技大学同济医学院公共卫生学院儿, 武汉 430030  
杨森焙 华中科技大学同济医学院公共卫生学院儿, 武汉 430030  
杜玉开 华中科技大学同济医学院公共卫生学院儿, 武汉 430030  
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中文摘要:
      目的 了解中国10省(区)农村婴幼儿体格发育不良的影响因素。方法 采用多阶段分层整群随机抽样方法, 对随机选取的吉林、山西、甘肃、新疆、江苏、四川、江西、湖南、广西和贵州10省(区)农村婴幼儿进行问卷调查和体检。结果 共调查婴幼儿58926名, 男女童分别占50.91%和49.09%。总低体重率为5.05%, 生长迟缓率为10.49%, 其中0~6月龄组最低(分别为1.97%和3.79%), 24~36月龄组最高(分别为7.80%和16.83%)。儿童年龄、性别、出生体重、孕周、父母文化程度与儿童体格发育状况有关, 差异有统计学意义(尸<0.0001)。结论 中国农村地区婴幼儿体格发育不良状况仍不乐观, 且低出生体重是儿童体格发育的重要影响因素, 应加强围产期保健。
英文摘要:
      Objective To analysis the influencing factors on underweight and stunting among children aged 0-3 years in rural areas from ten provinces in China. Methods Children under study were identified by multi-stage stratified cluster from rural areas of ten provinces in China. The ascertainment methods mainly included questionnaire and anthropometric measurements. Results There were 58926 children under investigation, with 50.91% were boys. The overall rates on underweight and stunting were 5.05% and 10.49% respectively. The rate in the 6 month-olds(1.97%, 3.79%) was the lowest, while the highest were in the 24 month-olds(7.80%) and the 36 month-olds(16.83%). Age, sex, birth weight, gestational weeks as well as maternal education and fathers, schooling were factors significantly related to childhood underweight and stunting(P<0.0001). Conclusion The status of underweight and stunting among children aged 0-3 years in rural areas was impressive, with birth weight was the key factor influencing the growth of children. Perinatal health care should be improved to promote the growth of children.
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