文章摘要
曹慧,钱青文,孙莹,翁婷婷,王惠,陶芳标.安徽省蚌埠市初中生体力活动现状及其与抑郁症状、学校生活满意度的关联研究[J].中华流行病学杂志,2012,33(2):154-159
安徽省蚌埠市初中生体力活动现状及其与抑郁症状、学校生活满意度的关联研究
Relationship on the prevalence of physical activity to depressive symptoms and satisfaction of school life among middle school students in Bengbu, Anhui province
收稿日期:2011-10-06  出版日期:2014-09-10
DOI:
中文关键词: 体力活动;抑郁症状;青少年;生活满意度
英文关键词: Physical activity;Depression;Adolescent;Life satisfaction
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(30972494)
作者单位E-mail
曹慧 安徽人口健康与优生省级实验童安徽医科大学公共卫生学院儿少卫生与妇幼保健学系, 合肥 230032
 
 
钱青文 蚌埠市疾病预防控制中心  
孙莹 安徽人口健康与优生省级实验童安徽医科大学公共卫生学院儿少卫生与妇幼保健学系, 合肥 230032
 
 
翁婷婷 安徽人口健康与优生省级实验童安徽医科大学公共卫生学院儿少卫生与妇幼保健学系, 合肥 230032
 
 
王惠 安徽人口健康与优生省级实验童安徽医科大学公共卫生学院儿少卫生与妇幼保健学系, 合肥 230032
 
 
陶芳标 安徽人口健康与优生省级实验童安徽医科大学公共卫生学院儿少卫生与妇幼保健学系, 合肥 230032
 
taofangbiao@126.com 
摘要点击次数: 1307
全文下载次数: 596
中文摘要:
      目的 调査安徽省蚌埠市初中生体力活动及抑郁症状和学校生活满意度现状, 探讨体力活动与抑郁症状和学校生活满意度的关系。方法 采用儿童抑郁障碍自评量表、学校生活满意度问卷、体力活动及久坐行为问卷对蚌埠市4所中学100个班的学生进行问卷调查, 共收集有效问卷5268份, 其中男生2769名(52.6%)和女生2499名(47.4%), 平均年龄(13.2±1.0)岁。使用%2检验和多因素logistic回归模型对数据进行分析。结果 5268名初中生参加足量中等强度、足量大强度体力活动及体力活动缺乏的比例分别为14.7%、36.0%和59.1%。抑郁症状和学校生活不满意的检出率分别为24.4%和25.9%。调整久坐行为和人口统计学变量后, 足量中等强度和足量大强度体力活动能降低抑郁症状和学校生活不满意的风险, 其册值(95%C/)分别为0.73(0.60-0.89)、0.68(0.59~0.79)和0.76(0.63~0.92)、0.70(0.61~0.81);而体力活动缺乏增加抑郁症状和学校生活不满意的风险, 其0/?值(95%C/)分别为1.42(1.24~1.63)和1.45(1.27~1.66)。结论 蚌埠市初中生体力活动的现状不容乐观, 体力活动与抑郁症状和学校生活不满意的发生密切相关。
英文摘要:
      Objective To describe the prevalence and relationship between physical activity(PA), depressive symptoms and school life satisfaction among middle school students in Bengbu, Anhui province. Methods A total number of 5268 boys and girls were analyzed from 4 middle schools. Depressive symptoms were assessed, using the Depression Self-rating Scale for Children, school life satisfaction via the School Life Satisfaction Rating Questionnaire. Self-reported PA and sedentary behaviors were also assessed. Descriptive statistics and logistic regression models were used. Results Adolescents self-reported rates of participating in sufficient moderate, vigorous and insufficient PA were 14.7%, 36.0% and 59.1%, respectively. The prevalence rates on depressive symptoms and school life dissatisfaction were 24.4% and 25.9%. After adjusting on sedentary behaviors and other potential confounders, participants who had engaged in sufficient moderate and vigorous PA had odds ratios of 0.73(0.60-0.89), 0.68(0.59-0.79)and 0.76(0.63-0.92), 0.70(0.61-0.81) for likelihood of being depressive and school life dissatisfaction, compared to their counterparts who participating in insufficient moderate and vigorous PA. Insufficient PA was positively associated with depression and dissatisfaction of their school lives [OR(95% Cl) :1.42(1.24-1.63) and 1.45(1.27-1.66) ]. Conclusion High prevalence of insufficient PA was seen among adolescents and PA was closely related to the presence of depressive symptoms and school life dissatisfaction among middles school students.
查看全文   Html全文     查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
关闭