文章摘要
刘力,官旭华,邢学森,申幸福,徐军强,岳金亮,霍细香,沙莎,吴海翔,黄静,蒋蔚,丁凡,周航,殷文武,李群,梁米芳,占发先.2010年湖北省发热伴血小板减少综合征的流行病学分析[J].中华流行病学杂志,2012,33(2):168-172
2010年湖北省发热伴血小板减少综合征的流行病学分析
Epidemiologic analysis on severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome in Hubei province, 2010
收稿日期:2011-07-19  出版日期:2014-09-10
DOI:
中文关键词: 发热伴血小板减少综合征;流行病学;新发传染病
英文关键词: Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome;Epidemiology;Emerging infectious disease
基金项目:2011—2012年度湖北省卫生厅科研重点项目(JX5A06)
作者单位E-mail
刘力 湖北省疾病预防控制中心传染病防治研究所, 武汉 430079
 
 
官旭华 湖北省疾病预防控制中心传染病防治研究所, 武汉 430079
 
 
邢学森 湖北省疾病预防控制中心传染病防治研究所, 武汉 430079
 
 
申幸福 湖北省疾病预防控制中心传染病防治研究所, 武汉 430079
 
 
徐军强 湖北省疾病预防控制中心传染病防治研究所, 武汉 430079
 
 
岳金亮 湖北省疾病预防控制中心传染病防治研究所, 武汉 430079
 
 
霍细香 湖北省疾病预防控制中心传染病防治研究所, 武汉 430079
 
 
沙莎 湖北省疾病预防控制中心传染病防治研究所, 武汉 430079
 
 
吴海翔 湖北省疾病预防控制中心传染病防治研究所, 武汉 430079
 
 
黄静 恩施市疾病预防控制中心
 
 
蒋蔚 兴山县疾病预防控制中心
 
 
丁凡 中国疾病预防控制中心  
周航 中国疾病预防控制中心  
殷文武 中国疾病预防控制中心  
李群 中国疾病预防控制中心  
梁米芳 中国疾病预防控制中心  
占发先 湖北省疾病预防控制中心传染病防治研究所, 武汉 430079
 
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中文摘要:
      目的 探讨湖北省新发传染病——发热伴血小板减少综合征(SFTS)的流行特征和危险因素。方法 2010年在湖北省随州、黄冈、武汉市乡镇卫生院和二级以上综合医院设置监测点, 培训全省县级及以上医疗机构感染科医生, 开展报告病例的流行病学个案调査, 采集血样检测和分离病毒, 在高发地区开展健康人群和家畜抗体水平调查及媒介蜱监测。结果 2010年湖北省报告病例来自11个市(州)、32个县(区)和100个乡镇, 共报告188例, 其中死亡21例, 报告发病率为0.33/10万, 病死率为11.2%。流行病学调査显示, 病例报告地区为丘陵地带(海拔28~940m);报告发病时间为4—12月, 高峰在5—9月;病例年龄11?81(M=56)岁;农民占95.3%;病例发病前两周内均无外出史, 93.6%从事与农业生产相关工作, 64.2%有皮肤破损, 52.8%有明显蜱暴露史, 22.0%有明确蜱叮咬史。采集病例血液标本129例(68.6%), 87例(67.4%)Realtime-PCR检测发热伴血小板减少综合征病毒(SFTSV)阳性;用微量中和试验检测急性期和恢复期血标本, 11份SFTSV中和抗体阳转或呈4倍增高;2例血标本分离到SFTSV。健康人群总抗体阳性率为3.8%, 犬、羊和牛总抗体阳性率分别为55.0%(6/11)、36.7%(2/3)和80.0%(4/5);草蜱、牛蜱、羊蜱PCR检测阳性。结论 湖北省SFTS疫区内人和家畜感染SFTSV。蜱可能是传播媒介, 人群劳作中皮肤破损、接触蜱或被蜱叮咬可能是该病的危险因素之一。
英文摘要:
      Objective To identify the epidemic characteristics and risk factors of an emerging infectious disease~severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome(SFTS) in Hubei province. Methods Active surveillance program on SFTS was set up in monitoring sites~hospitals, at the township level or above, in Suizhou, Huanggang and Wuhan from January to December, 2010.Specific surveillance program on SFTS was launched across the province in hospitals above the county level. Cases that matched the definition of surveillance case were identified and reported to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention(CDCs). Cases were interviewed and their blood samples collected and detected using PCR and virus isolation. We also conducted serum antibody surveys among healthy population and livestock and surveillance on vector ticks in those high-epidemic areas.Results 188 cases that matched the definition of surveillance case and 21 deaths were reported in 11 cities, 32 countries and 100 towns in 2010, with an incidence rate of 0.33/106. The fatality rate was 11.2%. Data showed that the patients were from hilly areas at the altitude elevated between 28-940 meters. The epidemic period was between April and December with the peak from May to September. The youngest case was an 11-year old, while the eldest was 81 with median age as 56-year old. 95.3% of the patients were farmers. All Patients did not have the history of traveling, two weeks before the onset of SFTS. 93.6% of the patients engaged in different kind of work which was associated with agriculture. 52.8% of the patients had been exposed to ticks. 22.0% of the patients had been bitten by ticks. Skin injury was found in 64.2% of the patients. Samples from 129 cases(68.6%) were collected and detected, with 67.4% of them(87 cases) showed positive by Real time-PCR for SFTS virus. An elevation in antibody titer by a factor of four or evidence of sero-conversion was observed in 11 patients; SFTS vims was isolated from 2 patients. The total antibody positive rates were 3.8%, 55.0%(6/ll), 36.7%(2/3) and 80.0%(4/5) respectively in healthy population, dogs, sheep and cows. Ticks from grass, cattle and sheep were detected positive by Real time-PCR. Conclusion Most cases of SFTS in Hubei were infected by SFTS virus, and cases of livestock were infected by SFTS virus. Ticks might serve as an important vector. Skin injury, exposure to tick bites seemed to be the risk factors.
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