文章摘要
肖琳,姜垣,李强,冯国泽,南奕.中国三城市在校中学生吸烟现况调查[J].中华流行病学杂志,2012,33(7):676-680
中国三城市在校中学生吸烟现况调查
Study on the status of cigarette smoking in youths from three cities of China
收稿日期:2012-02-07  出版日期:2014-09-09
DOI:
中文关键词: 吸烟  青少年  现况调查
英文关键词: Tobacco use  Youth  Cross-sectional survey
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
肖琳 中国疾病预防控制中心控烟办公室, 北京 100050 xaolinst@yhaoo.com.cn 
姜垣 中国疾病预防控制中心控烟办公室, 北京 100050  
李强 中国疾病预防控制中心控烟办公室, 北京 100050  
冯国泽 中国疾病预防控制中心控烟办公室, 北京 100050  
南奕 中国疾病预防控制中心控烟办公室, 北京 100050  
摘要点击次数: 2939
全文下载次数: 1484
中文摘要:
      目的 了解杭州、太原和贵阳市在校中学生吸烟现状及其影响因素.方法 采用分层整群随机抽样的方法,在杭州、太原和贵阳市选取11171名中学生采用自填问卷收集数据,调查烟草使用、烟草广告暴露情况、对烟草广告的感知度和易感性、二手烟暴露及知识、态度和行为.对调查数据进行加权调整,然后采用SPSS 15.0软件复杂抽样方法进行数据分析.利用可信区间判断分析指标在不同人群间差异是否有统计学意义,复杂抽样的logistic回归用于青少年吸烟影响因素的筛选分析.结果 3个城市11 171名在校学生总的尝试吸烟率为26.2%(95% CI:23.6~29.1),其中男生为39.9%,女生为12.5%;现在吸烟率为12.5%(95%CI:11.1~14.2),其中男生为21.9%,女生为3.2%;不同类型学校学生的吸烟率有所不同,职业中学最高(25.8%),高中次之(7.9%),初中最低(6.3%);不同城市学生的吸烟率有所不同,经济状况越好,吸烟率越低.开始吸第一支烟的平均年龄为11.9岁;近半数吸烟学生没有戒烟打算.拥有烟草促销产品、希望拥有烟草促销产品、好朋友中有人吸烟、家人中有人吸烟、周围朋友对自己吸烟的态度、对吸烟的一些错误看法(如低估吸烟的危害和戒烟的难度、认为“吸烟是一种重要的社交方式”和“吸烟使人显得成熟”)均为青少年吸烟的危险因素.结论 3个城市在校中学生吸烟仍以男性为主,经济状况越差的城市吸烟率越高.此外,女生吸烟率已经高于成年女性,值得关注.建议尽快开展青少年控烟干预,尤其是经济较为落后的地区.
英文摘要:
      Objective To understand the smoking status and related factors in middle school students from Hangzhou,Taiyuan and Guiyang cites.Methods A cross-sectional survey was adopted with 11 171 students randomly selected through a stratified cluster sampling method.A selfadministrated questionnaire survey was employed,which including the information of respondents' background characteristics,cigarette smoking,exposure to tobacco advertisement,recognition on indirect tobacco advertisement,exposure to second-hand smoke,related knowledge,attitude and perceptions towards tobacco use etc.Data was weighted by the amount of male and female students in junior high,senior high and vocational middle schools in the above said three cities and was analyzed by complex sampling analysis methods of SPSS 15.0.Confidence Intervals of each indicator were used to evaluate for difference between groups.Logistic regression was used to explore the potential factors associated with smoking in youths.Results The overall attempted smoking rate of the three cities was 26.2% (95% CI:23.6-29.1 ),with male as 39.9% and female 12.5% respectively.The current smoking rate was 12.5% (95%CI:11.1-14.2 ) with boys as 21.9% and girls as 3.2%.The smoking rate were different among three kinds of schools,with vocational school was the highest (25.8%),followed by senior high (7.9%) and junior high (6.3%).The rate of smoking was different among cities,lower with better economic situation.The average age of debut was 11.9 years old.Nearly half of the students who smoked had no intention to quit.Factors that associated with smoking would include:having or wishing to have tobacco promotion products,having friends or families who smoke,their friends' attitude towards smoking behavior,and misconceptions about smoking such as underestimate the harm of smoking and the difficulty of quitting,realizing that smoking was an important way for social contact,and to be seen as being matured etc.Conclusion Boys are much more likely than girls to smoke cigarette.Smoking prevalence is much higher in low-income cities.Additianally,it should be concerned that girls has higher smoking rate than female adults.It is urgent for tobacco control among adolescents,especially in low-income area in China.
查看全文   Html全文     查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
关闭