文章摘要
张荔,崔颖,王超,蒋燕,杨丽.中国中西部农村地区居民吸烟、被动吸烟及戒烟现状调查[J].中华流行病学杂志,2013,34(2):137-139
中国中西部农村地区居民吸烟、被动吸烟及戒烟现状调查
Survey on status of smoking,passive smoking and quitting smoking in rural areas of the midwesteru provinces in China
收稿日期:2012-08-15  出版日期:2014-08-07
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2013.02.007
中文关键词: 吸烟;被动吸烟;戒烟;农村居民
英文关键词: Smoking;Passive smoking;Quitting smoking;Rural residen
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
张荔 100050 北京,中国疾病预防控制中心全国12320管理中心  
崔颖 100050 北京,中国疾病预防控制中心全国12320管理中心 angelyyl@163.com 
王超 100050 北京,中国疾病预防控制中心全国12320管理中心  
蒋燕 100050 北京,中国疾病预防控制中心全国12320管理中心  
杨丽 中国疾病预防控制中心妇幼保健中心  
摘要点击次数: 2445
全文下载次数: 997
中文摘要:
      目的了解中西部农村地区居民吸烟、被动吸烟及戒烟现状,为改善中西部农村地区吸烟状况提供建议。方法采用多阶段分层随机抽样方法,对山西、甘肃、青海、新疆4个省(自治区)中16个项目县84个行政村5486名15-69岁的居民进行问卷调查。以吸烟率、开始吸烟年龄、被动吸烟率、戒烟率和对烟草危害健康的知晓率作为调查指标,调查中西部地区农村居民吸烟现状。结果调查对象的吸烟率为20.9%,其中,男性吸烟率为44.8%,女性吸烟率为2.O%;汉族吸烟率高于少数民族,不同性别、民族和文化程度者的吸烟率差异有统计学意义(P<0.001)。吸烟者开始吸烟平均年龄为(21.3±5.6)岁,男性早于女性。被动吸烟率为37.8%,其中男性31.9%,女性40.4%,女性受到的被动吸烟危害高于男性。调查人群戒烟率为1.9%。结论中西部农村地区居民吸烟和被动吸烟状况面临挑战,尤其是戒烟率较低,政府及相关部门应采取相应有效干预措施,以减少烟草对居民健康的危害。
英文摘要:
      0bjective To study the status of smoking,passive smoking and quitting smoking in rural areas of the middle and western regions in China,and to develop strategies for improvement.Methods A total of 5486 residents aged 1 5 to 69 years in 84 villages of the 1 6 counties in Gansu,Oinghai,Shanxi and Xiniiang were selected through a stratified multistage cluster random sampling method to collect information through questionnaires.Data on the initiate age of smoking,and rates on smoking.passive smoking.quitting smoking as well as related knowledge were used as nutritional indicators.Results The overall smoking rate was 20.9%.with 44.8%in males and 2.0%higher than seen in females.The rate of smoking in Han nationality was higher than that in other minofities.There were significant differences seen in genders and nationalities as well the level of education received.in the rates of smoking.Smokers started to smoke at the age of 21.3±5.6 with males earlier than females.The rate of passive smoking was 37.8%,with males as 3 1.9%,and females as 40.4%,respectively.The rate of quitting smoking appeared as 1.9%.Conclusion The status of smoking in the rural areas of middle and western regions in China faced challenges,with relatively low rate of quitting smoking.Relevant strategies need to be developed accordingly.
查看全文   Html全文     查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
关闭