文章摘要
姚光海,唐光鹏,田克诚,张静,孙军玲,王子军,蒋有琴,赵启良,陈学.贵州省伤寒、副伤寒高发区发热症状监测分析[J].中华流行病学杂志,2013,34(3):254-258
贵州省伤寒、副伤寒高发区发热症状监测分析
ever monitoring program in areas with hiigh incidence of typhoid and paratyphoid fever in Guizhou province
收稿日期:2012-09-05  出版日期:2014-09-26
DOI:
中文关键词: 伤寒;甲型副伤寒;发热症状监测;检出率
英文关键词: Typhoid;Paratyphoid A;Fever monitoring;Detection rate
基金项目:卫生部公益性行业科研专项(200802025);贵州省“十一五”社会发展科技项目(黔科合s字[2007]1037)
作者单位E-mail
姚光海 550001 贵阳, 贵州省疾病预防控制中心 cfswdm@gzcdc.gov.cn 
唐光鹏 550001 贵阳, 贵州省疾病预防控制中心  
田克诚 550001 贵阳, 贵州省疾病预防控制中心  
张静 中国疾病预防控制中心疾病控制与应急处理办公室  
孙军玲 中国疾病预防控制中心疾病控制与应急处理办公室  
王子军 中国疾病预防控制中心疾病控制与应急处理办公室  
蒋有琴 安顺市疾病预防控制中心  
赵启良 平坝县疾病预防控制中心  
陈学 平坝县疾病预防控制中心  
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中文摘要:
      目的 了解贵州省伤寒、副伤寒高发区的发病水平,为综合干预及效果评价提供依据.方法 选取安顺市平坝县6乡镇为干预区,贵阳市开阳县6乡镇为对照区,将示范区内各级各类医疗机构按照类别、实验室检测条件分为A、B、C三类监测点,开展以人群为基础,覆盖各级医疗卫生机构的发热症状监测进行伤寒、副伤寒的监测分析.结果 对两县12 944例不明原因发热者进行血培养,检出沙门菌200株(伤寒16株,甲型副伤寒184株),总检出率为1.55%,干预前检出率均高于干预后.A类点血培养2039例,分离沙门菌39株占19.50% (39/200),检出率为1.91%;B类点血培养4315例,分离沙门菌82株占41.00%(82/200),检出率为1.90%;C类点血培养6590例,分离沙门菌79株占39.50% (79/200),检出率为1.20%,C类点未使用抗生素者检出率明显高于使用者(P<0.05).春季和秋季为检出高峰,个别地方发生暴发或流行,农民和学生为高发人群,青壮年发病居多.伤寒、副伤寒症状不典型.结论 覆盖基层医疗卫生机构的发热症状监测是伤寒高发区开展伤寒、副伤寒监测的可靠方法,能真实反映伤寒、副伤寒疾病负担.
英文摘要:
      Objective To analyze the change of life expectancy and the impact of mortality by age and causes of death on this issue among permanent residents of Beijing.Methods Abridged Life Table and Arriaga method were used to calculate and to decompose the changes on life expectancy by age and causes of death in 2000-2010.Results From 2000-2010,life expectancy under this studied population had an increase of 3.35 years.Most part of the increases (44.27%,1.48 years) within the last 10 years could be explained by the decrease of mortality in the population at age ≥ 80.Both cerebrovascular and heart diseases were contributing the most to the increment of life expectancy while mortality of malignant tumors appeared a negative contributor to this increment.Conclusion From 2000 to 2010,increment in life expectancy contributed to the decrease of mortality in the elderly and the decrease of mortalities on both cardio-and cerebro-vascular diseases.The decrease of life expectancy was mainly due to the increase of mortality related to malignant tumors.
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