文章摘要
常微微,姚应水,袁慧,陈佰锋,梁雅丽,陈燕,宋建根,李杰,朱玉.2000--2012年我国中学生自杀意念发生率的Meta分析[J].中华流行病学杂志,2013,34(5):515-519
2000--2012年我国中学生自杀意念发生率的Meta分析
Prevalence of suicide ideation among middle school students in China:a systematic analysis of studies between 2000 and 2012
收稿日期:2012-10-25  出版日期:2014-09-17
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2014.02.022
中文关键词: 自杀意念;Meta分析
英文关键词: Suicide ideation;Meta—analysis
基金项目:安徽高校省级自然科学研究项目(KJ2012A272);皖南医学院中青年科学基金自然科学类项目(WK201213)
作者单位E-mail
常微微 皖南医学院预防医学系, 芜湖 241002  
姚应水 皖南医学院预防医学系, 芜湖 241002 yingshuiyao@163.Com 
袁慧 皖南医学院预防医学系, 芜湖 241002  
陈佰锋 皖南医学院预防医学系, 芜湖 241002  
梁雅丽 皖南医学院预防医学系, 芜湖 241002  
陈燕 皖南医学院预防医学系, 芜湖 241002  
宋建根 皖南医学院预防医学系, 芜湖 241002  
李杰 皖南医学院预防医学系, 芜湖 241002  
朱玉 皖南医学院预防医学系, 芜湖 241002  
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中文摘要:
      目的 运用Meta分析综合评价2000--2012年中国中学生自杀意念发生情况,并分析其在性别和年级间的差别,为中学生自杀干预提供理论依据。方法 系统检索PubMed、万方数据库、维普信息资源系统、中国期刊全文数据库及中国生物医学文献数据库,收集所有关于中国中学生自杀意念发生率的研究文献。资料进行异质性检验,以确定采用固定模型或随机模型进行合并分析,采用秩相关检验法进行发表偏倚的评估,并对性别和年级进行亚组分析。结果 共入选相关文献40篇,总样本量为320 375人,总自杀意念发生率为17.99%(95%CI:16.59%一19.49%)。将自杀意念发生率按照性别和年级分层分析,男、女生自杀意念发生率分别为14.71%(95%CI:13.42%.16.11%)和19.92%(95%C/:19.30%~21.64%),差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);初中生和高中生自杀意念发生率分别为16.94%(95%a:15.35%一18.66%)和19.0l%(95%CI:17.23%~20.93%),差异有统计学意义(P结论 中国中学生不同性别和年级间自杀意念发生率存在差别。
英文摘要:
      Objective To analyze the prevalence and differences between gender and grades of suicide ideation among middle school students in China from 2000 to 20 1 2 SO as to provide basis for suicide prevention among middle school students.Methods Electronic search strategy was carried out,using PubMed,Wanfang Database,VIP Database,China National Knowledge Infrastructure(CNKI)and CBM to collect data on suicide ideation among middle school students. Fixed effects model or random effects model was employed according to statistical tests for the homogeneity.Publication bias was assessed by rank correlation test.Results 40 PaDers were included for meta—analysis.with a total sample size of 320 375.The combined prevalence of suicide ideation was 17.99%(95%C,:16.59%一19.49%).Prevalence rates of suicide ideation were stratified by factors as gender and grade at sch001.Pooled prevalence rates on suicide ideation were as follows: 14.71%(95%c,:13.42%一16.11%)and 19.92%(95%CI:19.30%一21.64%),P<0.05 forboys and girls:16.94%(95%CI:15.35%一18.66%)and 19.01%(95%CI:17_23%一20.93%),P<0.05 for senior or iunior high school students,respectively.ConclusionThere were differences in the prevalence of suicide ideation among middle school students between genders and grades in China.
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