文章摘要
吴超群,谭亚运,王胜锋,余灿清,吕筠,李立明.中国12城市烟酒食品零售业和餐饮场所控烟标识设置隋况的调查[J].中华流行病学杂志,2013,34(7):668-672
中国12城市烟酒食品零售业和餐饮场所控烟标识设置隋况的调查
Setting of logos on tobacco control information at outlets for retails and restaurants in 12 cities of China
收稿日期:2013-03-19  出版日期:2014-09-17
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2013.07.002
中文关键词: 控烟标识;零售业场所;餐饮场所;横断面调查
英文关键词: Tobacco controlinformation;Retails;Restaurants;Cross.sectional survey
基金项目:卫生部公益性行业科研专项(201002007)
作者单位E-mail
吴超群 100191 北京大学公共卫生学院  
谭亚运 100191 北京大学公共卫生学院  
王胜锋 100191 北京大学公共卫生学院  
余灿清 100191 北京大学公共卫生学院  
吕筠 100191 北京大学公共卫生学院 lvjun@bjmu.edu.cn 
李立明 100191 北京大学公共卫生学院 lmlee@vip.163.com 
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中文摘要:
      目的了解中国城市烟酒食品零售业场所和餐饮场所控烟标识的设置情况。方法以北京、天津、上海、青岛、杭州、绍兴、苏州、南通、镇江、成都、西宁、哈尔滨12城市54个城区333个调查点内所有销售烟、酒、食品的零售业场所和从事餐饮服务场所为研究对象,采用观察法了解场所内外控烟、禁烟标识的设置及其信息内容。结果共45700个场所纳入分析。12城市各类零售业场所入口处、内部控烟标志标识率分别为3.6%和4.4%, 内部略高,综合人口处和内部情况整体标识率约为7.0%。餐饮场所入口处标识率为4.6%,高于零售商店。不同城市、不同类型场所间标识率均存在差异, 营业规模较大的场所(大型综合商店、连锁快餐、中大型餐馆)的控烟标识率要好于规模较小的场所。有控烟信息的场所仅18.5%在其内外均设置标识。控烟标识内容以“禁止吸烟”标语或图像为主, 声明无烟场所不足所有控烟场所的10%。结论调查城市中零售业和餐饮场所控烟信息标识情况整体较低, 城市间、场所规模间、场所人口和内部间标识设置所表现出的差异, 提示现有的控烟政策仍然有很大的改善空间。
英文摘要:
      ObjectiveTo explore the setting of logos on tobacco control information at outlets for retails and restaurants in 12 selected cities of China.MethodsFor all the shops for retail of tobacco,alcohol, food and restaurants under survey in 333 blocks of 12 cities(Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, Qingdao, Hangzhou, Shaoxing, Suzhou, Nantong, Zhenjiang, Chengdu, Xining andHarbin), setting and contents of logos on tobacco control information.inside and outside them were examined.Results45700 objectives were included in the study.Among all types of retail shopsthe identification rate of tobacco control information at the entrance and inside were 36%and 44%with an overall identification rate as 7.O%.The overall rate at the entrance of all the restaurants was 4.6% which was larger than the ones at the retail shops.Our result showed that there were differences between cities and types of establishments and higher rates seen in the larger ones.Of all the places that having had placement of information on tobacco contr01.only l 8.5%of them had put them both inside and outside.Slogans or images on"No Smoking"were the main forms of information but less than 10%ofthem would show signs as‘exclusive non-smoking'.ConclusionData from Our survey showed that the identification rate of tobacco control information was at a low level in 12 cities.and differences were seen between cities, size of establishment, that called for improvement of the existing tobacco control policies in China.
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