文章摘要
王建敏,李能,谢胜男,杨森焙,郑小璇,张静.中国1O省区农村2岁以下儿童母乳喂养持续时间现状及影响因素分析[J].中华流行病学杂志,2013,34(7):682-685
中国1O省区农村2岁以下儿童母乳喂养持续时间现状及影响因素分析
Duration of breastfeeding and its relevant influencing factors on under 2-years-old in rural areas of 10 provinces in China
收稿日期:2013-02-01  出版日期:2014-09-17
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2013.07.005
中文关键词: 母乳喂养;农村;儿童;影响因素
英文关键词: Breastfeeding;Rural areas;Children;Influencing factors
基金项目:卫生部妇幼保健与社区卫生司委托项目(2006-11)
作者单位E-mail
王建敏 430030 武汉, 华中科技大学同济医学院公共卫生学院儿少卫生与妇幼保健学系  
李能 430030 武汉, 华中科技大学同济医学院公共卫生学院儿少卫生与妇幼保健学系  
谢胜男 430030 武汉, 华中科技大学同济医学院公共卫生学院儿少卫生与妇幼保健学系  
杨森焙 430030 武汉, 华中科技大学同济医学院公共卫生学院儿少卫生与妇幼保健学系  
郑小璇 430030 武汉, 华中科技大学同济医学院公共卫生学院儿少卫生与妇幼保健学系  
张静 430030 武汉, 华中科技大学同济医学院公共卫生学院儿少卫生与妇幼保健学系 fyebzj@126.com 
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中文摘要:
      目的了解中国农村2岁以下儿童母乳喂养持续时间现状及其影响因素。方法利用“2006年中国十省农村7岁以下儿童体格发育调查”资料, 选取2岁以下儿童为研究对象, 采用Kaplan.Meier法估计母乳喂养持续时间生存曲线, 用Cox回归模型分析母乳喂养持续时间的影响因素。结果47 843名农村2岁以下儿童母乳喂养中位持续时间是12个月;Cox回归模型分析显示:儿童的性别、胎产次、地区、民族、辅食添加时间, 父母文化程度, 母亲职业和家庭经济收入是母乳喂养持续时间的影响因素。结论中国农村2岁以下儿童母乳喂养持续时间偏短, 儿童性别、地区、父母文化程度和家庭经济收入等对母乳喂养持续时间有-定影响, 建议采取针对性措施, 改善母乳喂养状况。
英文摘要:
      ObjectiveTo understand the current status and relevant factors influencing the duration of breastfeeding in rural areas in China.MethodsChildren under two years old were selected as subiects from the study on"Physical growth among the under 7-years.old children from the rural areas of ten provinces in China in 2006".Kaplan.Meier method was used to estimate the survival curves and COX multivariate stepwise regression was used to identify the relevant factors on the duration of breastfeeding.ResultsMedian of the duration for breasffeeding was 12 months in rural areas of 10 provinces in China.Results of this study suggested that factors as sex, birth order, areas of residency, nationality, initiation of formula, parents'education levels, maternal services and famliy income were correlated with the duration of breastfeeding.ConclusionDuration of breastfeeding among rural children under 2~years of age was short in the 10 provinces of China.Factors as level of education.residential areas and family income of the parents as well as sex of the chilaren were correlated with the duration of breastfeeding.Intervention program should be implemented to ireprove the current status on breastfeeding.
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