文章摘要
董曼,张敬悬,卢传华,唐济生,刘兰芬,邱惠敏,王松波,王爱祯,李馨.山东省焦虑障碍患者生命质量 及应对方式的病例对照研究[J].中华流行病学杂志,2013,34(10):953-957
山东省焦虑障碍患者生命质量 及应对方式的病例对照研究
A case control study on the quality of life and the way of response among patients with anxiety disorder in Shandong province
收稿日期:2013-03-21  出版日期:2014-10-08
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254—6450.2013.10.002
中文关键词: 焦虑障碍|生命质量|应对方式|病例对照研究
英文关键词: nxiety disorder|Life quality|Coping style|Case·control study
基金项目:美国中华医学基金会(02—777);山东省医学科研基金(2005HZ074);;山东省医学科研基金(2005HZ074)
作者单位E-mail
董曼 山东大学医学院, 济南 250000
 
 
张敬悬 山东大学医学院, 济南 250000
精神卫生中心, 山东 
jingxuanzhang@126.com 
卢传华 精神卫生中心, 山东  
唐济生 精神卫生中心, 山东  
刘兰芬 精神卫生中心, 山东  
邱惠敏 精神卫生中心, 山东  
王松波 精神卫生中心, 山东  
王爱祯 精神卫生中心, 山东  
李馨 精神卫生中心, 山东  
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中文摘要:
      目的采用病例对照方法探讨焦虑障碍患者生命质量和应对方式特点。方法对 山东省≥18岁人群精神障碍流行病学调查数据进行二次分析,以符合DSM.IV诊断的720例焦虑 障碍患者作为研究组,按同性别、同年龄组(±3岁)、同村或同社区1:1配对,在数据库中选择720 名无任何精神疾病诊断者作为正常对照组。研究工具采用一般健康问卷、生命质量量表、简易应 对方式问卷和一般资料调查问卷。结果焦虑障碍患者的生命质量评分低于对照组,差异有统计 学意义(P<0.01)。应对方式中焦虑障碍患者消极应对因子评分高于对照组,差异有统计学意义 (P
英文摘要:
      Objective To explore the characteristics related to the quality of life and the Way of response among patients with anxiety disorder in Shandong province.Methads Case-control study was adopted.with secondary data analysis on mental disorders among adults over l 8 years of age,in Shandong province.720 patients with anxiety disorder who met the anxiety diagnostic criteria ofDSM.1V,were selected from the database,according to the distributions on gender,age(±3 years ofage),village or community.720 persons without any psychiatric diagnosis were selected and served as controls.under 1:1 paired choice.Research tools would include:General Health Questionnaire (GHQ一12),Quality of Life Questionnaire(QLQ),Simplified Coping Style Questionnaire(SCSQ), and questionnaire on general information.Results Scores of QLQ among patients with anxiety disorderwerelowerthanthat ofthe control group.with statistically significantdifference(P<0.01). Scores on the negative ways of coping among patients with anxiety disorder were higher than the scores ofthe con仃ol group.with statistically significant difference(P<0.01).Regardless ofgender, age,occupation,education,marriage,religious belief etc.Conclusion from the‘two factors anova-analysis’ showed that the scores of QLQ among patients with anxiety disorder were stilllower than血e scores of the control group while the scores on negative coping were still higher than the scores of the control group.Conclusion Patients with anxiety disorder and having poor quality of life outnumbered the ones from the control group,and using negative coping ways to cope with the stress events.
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