文章摘要
崔宁,曹晓,王常合,罗巍,庞琳,柔克明,吴尊友.美沙酮维持治疗门诊HIV阳性服药人员 吸毒过量死亡的影响因素分析[J].中华流行病学杂志,2013,34(10):961-963
美沙酮维持治疗门诊HIV阳性服药人员 吸毒过量死亡的影响因素分析
Factors associated with overdose.caused mortality of HIV.positive patients who were on methadone maintenance treatment program
收稿日期:2013-06-03  出版日期:2014-10-08
DOI:
中文关键词: 美沙酮维持治疗|艾滋病病毒|吸毒|死亡
英文关键词: Methadone maintenance treatmen|HIV|Drag takin|Mortality
基金项目:国家“十二五”科技重大专项(2012ZXl0001007—002);中国艾滋病,结核病多学科研究培训项目(5U2RTW006918)
作者单位E-mail
崔宁 安徽医科大学公共卫生学院, 合肥 230032
中国疾病预防控制中心性病艾滋病预防控制中心 
 
曹晓 中国疾病预防控制中心性病艾滋病预防控制中心  
王常合 中国疾病预防控制中心性病艾滋病预防控制中心  
罗巍 中国疾病预防控制中心性病艾滋病预防控制中心  
庞琳 中国疾病预防控制中心性病艾滋病预防控制中心  
柔克明 中国疾病预防控制中心性病艾滋病预防控制中心  
吴尊友 安徽医科大学公共卫生学院, 合肥 230032
中国疾病预防控制中心性病艾滋病预防控制中心 
wuzy@263.net 
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中文摘要:
      目的分析影响美沙酮维持治疗(MMT)门诊HIV阳性服药人员吸毒过量死亡的因 素。方法采用1:l配对病例对照研究方法,对1lO例因吸毒过量死亡的服药人员与相应对照 (与病例同性别、同门诊、首次入组时间相近)的社会人El学、吸毒行为、服药行为等特征进行比 较。结果 多因素logistic回归模型分析表明,人组前3个月共用针具(OR=5.19,95%CI:1.39。 19.33)、经注射吸毒感染HIV(OR=3.08,95%CI:1.16—8.21)、终点前脱失(OR=2.54,95%CI: 1.23—5.23)是吸毒过量死亡的危险因素,而治疗依从性好(OR=O.31,95%CI:0.10.0.95)为保护 l因素。结论应采取综合措施提高MMT门诊服药病例的依从性,并对曾共用针具的病例展开重 点干预,从而减少死亡。
英文摘要:
      Objective To study the factors that associated with the mortality of overdose on methadone maintenance treatment(MMT)among HIV-positive patients.Methads A l:1 matched case-control design was used to identify the relationship between factors related to demography,drug use.characteristics of treatment and the mortality of overdose.1 10 HIV-positive patients who died of drug overdose from March 2004 to September 2012 were defined as cases.Controls were another 110 patients who were still alive and paired with the cases,according to the same gender,similar date of MMT initiation and from the same clinics.Results Multivariate conditional logistic regression analyses indicated that risk factors as sharing needles before enrolled in the MMT program(OR= 5.19,95%cj:1.39—19.33),HIV infection because of injecting drug-use(OR=3.08,95%CI: 1.16—8.21)。and Off from the treatment before the end point of the program(OR=2.54,95%C/: 1.23—5.23)were associated with mortality caused by overdose.Higher adherence(OR=0.3l,95%(7/: 0.1 0—0.95)appeared to be associated with lower mortality when compared with the control group. Conclusion In order to reduce the mortality rate.Conclusioncomprehensive intervention could be introduced to improve the compliance of retention on MMTamong patients.Intervention efforts should be focused on those patients who shared needle|syringes.
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