文章摘要
谢胜男,王建敏,李能,蒋蔚蔚,杨森焙,李侠,凌子羽,张静.中国10省(自治区)农村学龄前儿童超重/肥胖现状调查[J].中华流行病学杂志,2014,35(4):425-428
中国10省(自治区)农村学龄前儿童超重/肥胖现状调查
Survey on overweight and obesity of preschool children i11 rural areas from ten provinces of China
收稿日期:2013-09-23  出版日期:2015-04-27
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2014.04.018
中文关键词: 超重;肥胖;学龄前儿童;农村
英文关键词: Overweight;Obesity;Preschool children;Rural areas
基金项目:卫生部妇幼保健与社区卫生司委托项目(2006一11)
作者单位E-mail
谢胜男 华中科技大学同济医学院公共卫生学院儿少卫生与妇幼保健学系, 武汉 430030  
王建敏 华中科技大学同济医学院公共卫生学院儿少卫生与妇幼保健学系, 武汉 430030  
李能 华中科技大学同济医学院公共卫生学院儿少卫生与妇幼保健学系, 武汉 430030  
蒋蔚蔚 华中科技大学同济医学院第一临床学院  
杨森焙 华中科技大学同济医学院公共卫生学院儿少卫生与妇幼保健学系, 武汉 430030  
李侠 华中科技大学同济医学院公共卫生学院儿少卫生与妇幼保健学系, 武汉 430030  
凌子羽 华中科技大学同济医学院公共卫生学院儿少卫生与妇幼保健学系, 武汉 430030  
张静 华中科技大学同济医学院公共卫生学院儿少卫生与妇幼保健学系, 武汉 430030 fyebzj@126.com 
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中文摘要:
      目的 了解中国10省(自治区)农村学龄前儿童超重朋巴胖的发生情况。方法 利用“2006年巾国10省农村7岁以下儿童体格发育调查”资料,选取学龄前儿童作为研究对象,以体重超过同性别、同身高参照人群均值的10%为超重,超过20%者为轻度肥胖,超过30%者为中度肥胖,超过50%为重度肥胖。利用SPSS13.0软件对数据进行统计学分析。运用f检验进行率的比较。结果 共纳入38923名儿童,超重检出率为4.18%,男童的超重检出率高于女童(f=4.3436,P=0.0371),3~岁组儿童超重检出率最高(5.80%);肥胖检出率为1.21%,以轻度肥胖为主(O.78%),男、女童肥胖检出率差异无统计学意义(f=0.3890,P=0.5328),其中6一岁组的肥胖检出率最高(1.42%);10省(自治区)农村超重检出率为1.38%一7.62%,肥胖检出率为0.57%~3.08%,其中吉林省超重和肥胖检出率均最高,广西壮族自治区最低。结论 中国农村地区学龄前儿童超重朋巴胖总检出率较低,3。4岁为农村学龄前儿童超重朋巴胖高发期,北部地区超重朋巴胖检出率较高,应引起重视。
英文摘要:
      Objective To analyze the status of overweight and obesity among preschoolchildren in rural areas of ten provinces in China.Methods Using data from“Physical development of rural children under the age of 7 from ten provinces of China in 2006”.preschool children were selected as the object of study.Overweight,mild obesity,moderately obese,severe obesity were defmed as:weight was over 10%,20%,30%,50%than the same sex under height population reference mean.SPSS 13.0 software was used for statistical analysis.T 2 test was used to compare rates.Results A total number of 38 923 preschool children were included in the study.The overalI prevalence ofoverweightwas4.18%,withboy'Shigherthan girl's(Z=4.343 6,P=0.037 1)andthehighest rate of overweight(5.80%)was seen in the 3-year-old group.The overall prevalence of obesity was 1.2 1%,with majority as mild(0.78%).There was no significant difference between boys and girls(Z=0.389 0,P=0.532 8).The 6 to 7 year old group had the highest rate ofobesity the ten provinces,the prevalence rates of overweight were 1.38%一7.62%and the obesitv were 0.57%一3.08%.The prevalence rates of overweight and obesity showed the highest in Jilin and lowest in Guangxi.Conclusion The overall prevalence rates of overweight and obesity among preschool children in ratal areas of China were lOW.with 3 to 4一year-olds appeared in the age of high incidence of overweight and obesity.The overall prevalence rates of overweight and obesity in northern area were higher than in other areas.
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