文章摘要
常玲,董敏,虞荣斌,孙超,曾令霞.宁夏农村地区7~12岁儿童虐待现状及其影响因素分析[J].中华流行病学杂志,2014,35(8):913-916
宁夏农村地区7~12岁儿童虐待现状及其影响因素分析
Current status and associated risk factors of child abuse on children aged 7-12 in rural areas of Ningxia
收稿日期:2014-01-14  出版日期:2014-08-30
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2014.08.009
中文关键词: 虐待;躯体虐待;儿童;农村地区
英文关键词: Abuse;Physical abuse;Children;Rural areas
基金项目:新世纪优秀人才支持计划(NCET-11-0417)
作者单位E-mail
常玲 710061 西安交通大学医学部公共卫生学院卫生统计学教研室  
董敏 710061 西安交通大学医学部公共卫生学院卫生统计学教研室  
虞荣斌 710061 西安交通大学医学部公共卫生学院卫生统计学教研室  
孙超 710061 西安交通大学医学部公共卫生学院卫生统计学教研室  
曾令霞 710061 西安交通大学医学部公共卫生学院卫生统计学教研室 tjzlx@mail.xjtu.edu.cn 
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中文摘要:
      目的 了解宁夏农村地区7~12岁儿童虐待的现状,并探讨其影响因素。方法 采用多阶段抽样法抽取宁夏西吉县和隆德县农村地区7~12岁的儿童及其监护人,采用百分比描述儿童虐待现状,采用logistic回归模型筛选儿童虐待的相关影响因素。结果 共调查西吉县和隆德县15个村的704名7~12岁儿童。最近一年内经历过任何类型的虐待(包括躯体虐待、忽视、情感虐待、性虐待)的儿童有359人(50.2%),其中以躯体虐待为主(44.6%)。仅有10名(1.4%)儿童能正确全面理解儿童虐待问题,经历虐待时,55.5%的儿童会通过上报的形式寻求帮助。男童(OR=1.37,95%CI:1.01~1.85)、汉族人群(OR=1.49,95%CI:1.06~2.08)、低年龄 (OR=1.16,95%CI:1.05~1.28)、父母一方在家(OR=2.05,95%CI:1.16~3.64)、家庭经济相对富裕(OR=1.55,95%CI:1.03~2.33)的儿童更易经历虐待。 结论 宁夏农村地区7~12岁儿童虐待严重,儿童自身对虐待问题的认知水平较低。应关注男童、汉族人群、低年龄、父母一方在家的儿童,促进儿童身心健康发展。
英文摘要:
      Objective To describe the current status and associated risk factors on child abuse in children aged 7-12 in rural areas of Ningxia. Methods Using multistage sampling method to select townships and villages. Children aged 7-12 and their guardians were selected by random sampling method in those villages. Current status on child abuse was described under related percentage while logistic regression model was used to evaluate the risk factors associated with child abuse. Results A total number of 704 children aged 7-12 from 15 villages in two counties were interviewed. Among them,359 (50.2%) children had experienced child abuse (include physical abuse,negligence,emotional/ physical abuse and sexual abuse) in the past year. Physical abuse (44.6%) was the most frequent one in all the child abuse cases. Only 10(1.4%) children had a comprehensive understanding of ‘child abuse'. 55.5% of the children had ever reported this problem to their parents or teachers when suffered from abuse episodes. Results from the logistic regression model showed that factors as:being boys (OR=1.37,95%CI:1.01-1.85),under Han nationality (OR=1.49,95%CI:1.06-2.08),at younger age (OR=1.16,95%CI:1.05-1.28),staying with single parent (OR=2.05,95%CI:1.16-3.64) and from wealthy family (OR=1.55,95%CI:1.03-2.33) were at risk for child abuse. Conclusion Child abuse in rural areas in Ningxia was a serious problem,Children's cognitive to child abuse was very low. More attention should be paid to children with the following characteristics as:being boys,under Han nationality,at younger age,staying with single parent.
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