文章摘要
王艳,赛晓勇,孙玉发,郑延松.老年体检人群食物不耐受流行现状及相关因素调查[J].中华流行病学杂志,2014,35(11):1249-1251
老年体检人群食物不耐受流行现状及相关因素调查
A cross sectional survey on the prevalence of food intolerance and its determinants through physical checkup programs in the elderly
投稿时间:2014-06-05  
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2014.11.016
中文关键词: 食物不耐受;危险因素;老年人
英文关键词: Food intolerance;Risk factor;Elderly
基金项目:军队"十二五"保健专项(11BJZ32);解放军总医院南楼保健专项(2014BJ-JSCX-1001)
作者单位E-mail
王艳 100853 北京, 解放军总医院老年医学研究所  
赛晓勇 100853 北京, 解放军总医院老年医学研究所 saixiaoyong@163.com 
孙玉发 解放军总参谋部警卫局保健处  
郑延松 100853 北京, 解放军总医院健康管理研究院  
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中文摘要:
      目的 探讨老年体检人群食物不耐受流行情况及相关因素。方法 选取2008年8月至2009年6月在某综合医院健康管理研究院第一次查体进行食物不耐受项目检测≥60岁健康体检者736人,应用非条件logistic回归模型进行多因素分析,数据分析采用SPSS 13.0软件。结果 食物不耐受种类前3位分别为螃蟹、鸡蛋和河虾,其阳性率分别为35.9%、28.8%和15.1%。针对排名第一的螃蟹不耐受进行多因素分析,logistic分析结果显示,螃蟹不耐受与幽门螺杆菌感染有关(P<0.05),与未感染(DOB值<4)比较,幽门螺杆菌感染(DOB值≥4)的OR=1.544(95%CI:1.139~2.091)。结论 该体检老年人群食物不耐受阳性率前3位食物为螃蟹、鸡蛋和河虾,其中螃蟹不耐受可能与幽门螺杆菌感染相关,控制幽门螺杆菌感染可能减少螃蟹不耐受发生的风险。
英文摘要:
      Objective To explore the prevalence of food intolerance and its determinants in healthcare elderly in China. Methods A cross sectional survey was carried out from August 1st,2008 to June 30th,2009,that including 736 60-year-olds from a Health Management Research Institute,Chinese PLA General Hospital. Data was double entried in computer and organized by EpiData 3.0. Non conditional logistic regression model was used for odd ratio(OR)and 95%CI,with the use of SPSS 13.0. Results The three leading foodstuff on intolerance were crab,egg and shrimp,with the prevalence rates as 35.9%,28.8% and 15.1% respectively. Results from the multiple regression analysis showed that the crab intolerance was associated with Helicobacter pylori infections (P<0.05). The OR (95%CI) of Helicobacter pylori infections (DOB≥4) was 1.544 (1.139-2.091 ). Conclusion The three leading intolerance foods were egg,crab and shrimp. Crab intolerance was associated with Helicobacter pylori infections. To reduce the risk of crab intolerance,it was necessary to control the infection caused by Helicobacter pylori.
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