文章摘要
王林,帅平,刘玉萍.成都市成年人慢性病相关生活方式和行为习惯的调查[J].中华流行病学杂志,2015,36(8):799-802
成都市成年人慢性病相关生活方式和行为习惯的调查
Investigation on chronic disease-related lifestyle and behavior in adults in Chengdu
收稿日期:2015-04-22  出版日期:2015-08-11
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2015.08.006
中文关键词: 慢性非传染性疾病;生活方式;行为习惯
英文关键词: Chronic non-communicable disease;Lifestyle;Behavior
基金项目:四川省卫生厅科研项目(090438)
作者单位E-mail
王林 610072 成都, 四川省医学科学院四川省人民医院健康管理中心  
帅平 610072 成都, 四川省医学科学院四川省人民医院健康管理中心 shuaiping012@163.com 
刘玉萍 610072 成都, 四川省医学科学院四川省人民医院健康管理中心  
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中文摘要:
      目的 调查成都市成年人慢性病患病情况及其生活方式和行为习惯, 为预防慢性疾病提高参考依据。方法 采用多阶段等比例分层整群随机抽样方法调查成都市18岁以上常住居民8 324人, 填写调查问卷, 统计分析慢性疾病分布及其与生活方式和行为习惯的相关性。结果 1 329例罹患慢性疾病, 患病率为16.0%;吸烟、被动吸烟、饮食不规律、烟熏腌制食品等食物摄入量大、饮食口味重和缺乏体育锻炼等因素与慢性病明显相关(P<0.05);其中饮食不规律、烟熏腌制食品等食物摄入量大、饮食口味重和缺乏体育锻炼是成年人慢性病的独立危险因素(P<0.05)。结论 成都市成年人慢性病患病率较高, 与其相关的生活方式和行为习惯危险因素较多, 应加强健康生活的宣传力度, 养成良好的生活习惯, 降低慢性病风险。
英文摘要:
      Objective To investigate the chronic disease related lifestyle and behavior in adults in Chengdu. Methods 8 324 residents (more than 18 years old) were investigated through random selection and stratified multi-stage cluster sampling method in Chengdu. Distributions on chronic diseases and relevant factors between chronic diseases and lifestyle/behavior were analyzed. Results 1 329 cases were suffered from chronic diseases, with prevalence rate as 16.0%. Smoking, passive smoking, irregular diet, intake smoked or pickled food, hardcore diet and lack of physical exercises were factors significantly related to the prevalence rates on chronic diseases (P<0.05).Irregular diet, intake smoked and pickled food, hardcore diet and lack of physical exercise belonged to independent risk factors for chronic diseases in adults (P<0.05). Conclusion The overall prevalence rate of chronic disease was high in adults in Chengdu. The related risk factors were closely related to lifestyle or behavior of the population that called for the development of programs on healthy life style and good habits.
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