文章摘要
魏霞,周培静,李凤霞,陈仁友,康殿民,刘婷,孙桐.山东省小学生家人吸烟现状及对子女影响的研究[J].中华流行病学杂志,2015,36(8):815-820
山东省小学生家人吸烟现状及对子女影响的研究
Study on smoking status in families and its influence on children in Shandong province
收稿日期:2015-01-14  出版日期:2015-08-11
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2015.08.010
中文关键词: 吸烟;小学生;家庭
英文关键词: Smoking;Pupil;Family
基金项目:山东省软科学研究计划项目(2014RKB14185)
作者单位E-mail
魏霞 250014 济南, 山东省疾病预防控制中心  
周培静 250014 济南, 山东省疾病预防控制中心  
李凤霞 250014 济南, 山东省疾病预防控制中心  
陈仁友 250014 济南, 山东省疾病预防控制中心  
康殿民 250014 济南, 山东省疾病预防控制中心  
刘婷 250014 济南, 山东省疾病预防控制中心  
孙桐 250014 济南, 山东省疾病预防控制中心 t.sun@163.com 
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中文摘要:
      目的 了解山东省小学生家人的吸烟现状及其对子女吸烟相关知识、态度和行为的影响, 为有效开展小学生控烟工作提供依据。方法 采用分层整群随机抽样的方法, 在山东省东、中、西部各抽取1个市进行监测, 从中随机抽取农村、城市小学各2 所, 使用自行编制的调查问卷, 对3~6年级的6 050名小学生及其家人进行自填、匿名调查。结果 山东省49.7%的小学生家中有人吸烟, 以隔代家庭最高, 重组家庭和大家庭次之, 被调查学生家庭中的吸烟者以父亲和祖父/外祖父为主, 烟龄>10年的分别占43.4%和74.0%, 日平均吸烟量>10支的分别占33.2%和38.4%, 在家中吸烟的位置以“到处吸”和“客厅吸”为最多, 分别为24.3%和37.2%。家人吸烟的小学生尝试吸烟率和现在吸烟率分别为7.7%和1.7%, 明显高于家人不吸烟学生的4.4%和0.8%。家人吸烟与否的两类学生在吸烟有关的大部分行为、态度差异有统计学意义。结论 山东省小学生家人(尤其是男性)吸烟现状不容乐观, 家人是学生控烟工作的重要组成部分和关键要素, 应引起学校、社区和控烟相关部门的重视, 探讨适宜的方法对学生家人进行有效的控烟宣传和戒烟干预。
英文摘要:
      Objective To study the smoking status and influence of the families on pupils regarding smoking-related knowledge, attitudes and behavior, in Shandong province. Methods A multi-stage stratified-cluster random sampling method was used to investigate 6 050 students and their families in 3 different cities. A self-administered anonymous questionnaire survey was conducted by trained investigators. Results The overall passive smoking rate at households of the pupils was 49.7% in Shandong province and appeared the highest in separate families, followed by in re-organized families and multiple-generation families under the same roofs. Major smokers in the families were fathers and grandfathers, with 43.4% of the fathers and 74.0% of the grandfathers had smoking histories for more than 10 years. The main smoking places at home were “elsewhere” or in the “living room”. Attempting and current smoking rates of the families were 7.7% and 1.7% respectively, significantly higher than those families with no smokers. There was significant difference in smoking associated behavior and attitude between pupils whose family members with smoking habits or without. Conclusion The status of smoking in the families of the pupil's family was not optimistic in Shandong province, especially in the families of the male students. Since smoking status of the families played an important role on their children, it is necessary to explore suitable health education model to improve the smoking associated behaviors in the families.
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