文章摘要
杨孝荣,李素云,潘璐璐,李慧杰,姜帆,张楠,韩明奎,贾崇奇.农村男性吸烟者社会支持与戒烟成功关系的研究[J].中华流行病学杂志,2015,36(12):1361-1364
农村男性吸烟者社会支持与戒烟成功关系的研究
Association between social support and outcomes as successful smoking cessation in males from the rural areas
收稿日期:2015-04-03  出版日期:2015-12-15
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2015.12.008
中文关键词: 吸烟;戒烟;社会支持
英文关键词: Smoking;Smoking cessation;Social support
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(81273150)
作者单位E-mail
杨孝荣 250012 济南, 山东大学流行病学系  
李素云 250012 济南, 山东大学流行病学系  
潘璐璐 250012 济南, 山东大学流行病学系  
李慧杰 250012 济南, 山东大学流行病学系  
姜帆 250012 济南, 山东大学流行病学系  
张楠 250012 济南, 山东大学流行病学系  
韩明奎 250012 济南, 山东大学流行病学系  
贾崇奇 250012 济南, 山东大学流行病学系 jiachongqi@sdu.edu.cn 
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中文摘要:
      目的 探讨社会支持与戒烟成功的关系。方法 采用以社区人群为基础的病例对照研究,以642例男性自发性戒烟成功者为病例(戒烟成功)组,700例男性自发性戒烟失败者为对照(戒烟失败)组。使用社会支持评定问卷(SSRS)评估社会支持。利用多元线性回归分析社会支持与戒烟成功的关系。结果 调整协变量(包括年龄、教育水平、婚姻状况、职业、开始吸烟时年龄、吸烟量)后,多元线性回归分析显示,在赞同社会交往离不开香烟的人群中,戒烟成功组的主观社会支持得分显著低于戒烟失败组(P<0.001),客观社会支持和社会支持利用度在两组间的差异无统计学意义(P=0.124; P=0.763);而在不赞同社会交往离不开香烟的人群中,社会支持及各维度在两组间的差异均无统计学意义(P>0.05)。结论 在不良的社会吸烟文化中,社会支持对自发性戒烟成功起着负性作用。
英文摘要:
      Objective To examine the association between social support and successful smoking cessation outcomes in males from rural areas. Methods A community-based case-control study was conducted with 642 adult male cases who appeared to be successful spontaneous smoking quitters as cases, together with other 700 adult males who failed quitting smoking to serve, as controls. Social Support Rating Scale (SSRS) was used to assess the individual social support. Multiple linear method was used to evaluate the relationship between social support and the outcome of successful cessation in smoking. Results After adjusting the potential confounders as age, education, marital status, profession, age of initial smoking and number of pack-years on smoking, the adjusted mean of subjective social support in successful quitters was significant lower than that in the failed ones (P<0.001). The differences of adjusted means between objective social support and its utility were not statistically different in the two groups among the population who recognized that cigarettes should always be provided when people interact with each other (P=0.124;P=0.763). However, the adjusted means of social support and the related three dimensions did not show significant differences in the two groups among the population in disapproval of the above said social norms(P>0.05). Conclusion Data from our research indicated that social support would negatively affect the successful spontaneous cessation of smoking among people under unhealthy smoking culture.
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