文章摘要
李建东,李德新.寨卡病毒病流行病学概述[J].中华流行病学杂志,2016,37(3):329-334
寨卡病毒病流行病学概述
Epidemiological characteristics of Zika virus disease
收稿日期:2016-02-22  出版日期:2016-03-15
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2016.03.007
中文关键词: 寨卡病毒  流行病学  诊断  新生儿小头畸形
英文关键词: Zika virus  Epidemiology  Diagnosis  Congential microcephaly
基金项目:国家科技重大专项(2013ZX10004101)
作者单位E-mail
李建东 102206 北京, 中国疾病预防控制中心病毒病预防控制所病毒性出血热室  
李德新 102206 北京, 中国疾病预防控制中心病毒病预防控制所病毒性出血热室 lidx@chinacdc.cn 
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中文摘要:
      寨卡病毒病是一种由寨卡病毒引起的,主要通过伊蚊传播的新发急性病毒性传染病,尚无疫苗和特异性治疗药物。为了加强对寨卡病毒病流行病学特征的了解,本文通过Medline数据库检索寨卡病毒病相关信息,结合相关政府部门、国际卫生组织报告等资料对寨卡病毒病流行病学特征进行综述。目前,该病主要在美洲地区流行,呈快速蔓延之势,34个国家存在病毒本地传播,多个国家报告输入病例。该病临床表现通常较轻,死亡罕见,部分病例可出现神经系统综合征,婴儿出生缺陷等较严重的后果,引起国际社会广泛关注,中国存在因输入病例引发的疫情局部扩散的风险。但该病是一种可防可控的传染病,只要各项策略和措施落实到位,就能够有效控制疫情扩散。
英文摘要:
      Zika virus disease is an emerging mosquito-borne acute infectious disease caused by Zika virus, so far there have been no available vaccine or specific treatment. Currently, the outbreaks of Zika virus disease mainly occurs in the Americas, but the regional distribution of the disease is in rapid expansion, 34 countries and territories have reported autochthonous transmission of the virus. The illness is usually mild with very rarely death, but increased reports of birth defects and neurologic disorders in the areas affected by Zika virus has caused extensive concern worldwide. In China, the competent vectors for Zika virus are widely distributed, imported viraemic cases may become a source of local transmission of the virus. However, Zika virus disease is preventable, th e spread of virus could be stopped when the effective prevention measures are taken. This paper summarizes the retrieval results from Medline database and the information from the reports of the governments of countries affected or health organizations about the epidemiological characteristics of Zika virus disease.
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