文章摘要
周婷,刘祥,李晓松,刘元元.中国人群2型糖尿病影响因素的Meta分析[J].中华流行病学杂志,2016,37(5):730-736
中国人群2型糖尿病影响因素的Meta分析
Influencing factors of type 2 diabetes mellitus in Chinese:a Meta-analysis
收稿日期:2015-09-25  出版日期:2016-05-13
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2016.05.030
中文关键词: 糖尿病,2型  影响因素  系统评价  Meta分析
英文关键词: Type 2 diabetes mellitus  Influencing factor  Systematic review  Meta-analysis
基金项目:美国中华医学基金会四川大学合作中心项目(12-106);四川大学青年教师科研启动基金(2014SCU11035)
作者单位E-mail
周婷 610041 成都, 四川大学华西公共卫生学院流行病与卫生统计学系  
刘祥 610041 成都, 四川大学华西公共卫生学院健康与社会行为学系  
李晓松 610041 成都, 四川大学华西公共卫生学院流行病与卫生统计学系  
刘元元 610041 成都, 四川大学华西公共卫生学院流行病与卫生统计学系 y_multi@126.com 
摘要点击次数: 3824
全文下载次数: 2105
中文摘要:
      目的 探讨中国人群2型糖尿病患病影响因素。方法 检索PubMed、Medline、Science Direct、EBSCO、CBM、CNKI、VIP和万方科技文献数据库,收集1997年1月至2015年5月有关中国糖尿病影响因素的文献。根据纳入排除标准筛选文献并对纳入文献进行质量评价、资料提取,并采用RevMan 4.4.2软件进行Meta分析。结果 共纳入29篇文献,研究对象总计92970(病例组11150,对照组81820)例。超重、中心性肥胖、糖尿病家族史、吸烟、饮酒、高血压、SBP、高脂血症、TC、TG、冠心病史、脑血管意外史、食用油类型合并OR值及其95%CI分别为1.66(1.49~1.85)、1.98(1.31~3.01)、3.13(2.52~3.87)、1.46(1.24~1.72)、1.19(1.09~1.29)、2.64(2.23~3.13)、1.15(1.06~1.24)、2.26(1.75~2.92)、1.87(1.14~3.08)、1.73(1.23~2.44)、2.55(1.78~3.65)、2.21(1.62~3.02)、0.52(0.27~0.99)。亚组分析提示3个时段共有影响因素为超重、糖尿病家族史、吸烟和高血压。结论 超重、中心性肥胖、糖尿病家族史、吸烟、饮酒、高血压、SBP、高脂血症、TC、TG、冠心病史、脑血管意外史和食用油类型是2型糖尿病的影响因素,近20年超重、糖尿病家族史、吸烟和高血压持续影响,而超重/肥胖可能更应关注。
英文摘要:
      Objective To evaluate the influencing factors of type 2 diabetes mellitus in Chinese, and provide evidence for developing health promotion policy in the future. Methods Relevant studies published from January 1997 to May 2015 were retrieved from PubMed, Medline, EBSCO, Science Direct, CBM, CNKI, VIP, and Wanfang Database. Quality evaluation of the included literatures was conducted according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, followed by data extraction and Meta-analysis with software RevMan 4.4.2. Results A total of 29 studies involving 92 970 subjects (11 150 cases and 81 820 controls) were included. The pooled OR and its 95%CI of each influencing factor were:overweight OR=1.66 (1.49-1.85), abdominal obesity OR=1.98 (1.31-3.01), family history of diabetes OR=3.13 (2.52-3.87), smoking OR=1.46 (1.24-1.72), drinking OR=1.19 (1.09-1.29), hypertension OR=2.64 (2.23-3.13), systolic blood pressure (SBP) OR=1.15(1.06-1.24), hyperlipoidemia OR=2.26 (1.75-2.92), total cholesterol (TC) OR=1.87 (1.14-3.08), triglyceride (TG) OR=1.73 (1.23-2.44), history of coronary heart disease (CHD) OR=2.55 (1.78-3.65), cerebrovascular accident (CVA) OR=2.21 (1.62-3.02), dietary fat OR=0.52 (0.27-0.99). The results of subgroup analysis identified 4 common influencing factors shared by the three subgroups, i.e. overweight, family history of diabetes, smoking and hypertension. Conclusion Overweight, abdominal obesity, family history of diabetes, smoking, drinking, hypertension, SBP, TC, TG, history of CHD, history of CVA, and subtypes of dietary fat are the influencing factors for type 2 diabetes mellitus in Chinese. Among these factors, overweight in recent 20 years, family history of diabetes, smoking and hypertension are persistent factors. More attention should be paid to overweight and obesity.
查看全文   Html全文     查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
关闭