文章摘要
郭孟杰,刘剑君,么鸿雁.参与式工效学在预防工作相关肌肉骨骼疾患中的应用[J].中华流行病学杂志,2016,37(8):1159-1163
参与式工效学在预防工作相关肌肉骨骼疾患中的应用
Functions of participatory ergonomics programs in reducing work-related musculoskeletal disorders
收稿日期:2016-02-15  出版日期:2016-08-10
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2016.08.021
中文关键词: 参与式工效学;肌肉骨骼疾患;干预
英文关键词: Participatory ergonomics;Musculoskeletal disorders;Intervention
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
郭孟杰 102206 北京, 中国疾病预防控制中心流行病学办公室  
刘剑君 102206 北京, 中国疾病预防控制中心 liujj@chinacdc.cn 
么鸿雁 102206 北京, 中国疾病预防控制中心流行病学办公室  
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中文摘要:
      工作相关肌肉骨骼疾患是一种慢性非致死性疾病,是职业人群常见的健康问题,尤其在劳动密集型行业。在国外,参与式工效学已广泛应用于工作场所中肌肉骨骼疾患的预防。本文依据参与式工效学的组织、实施及其影响因素和特点,介绍参与式工效学在预防肌肉骨骼疾患中的应用。参与式工效学方式可帮助工人识别作业过程中的危险因素并制定相应的干预方案。企业可通过开展参与式工效学项目改善工作条件、减少肌肉骨骼疾患相关危险因素的暴露及预防相关疾患的发生,以促进职工健康。
英文摘要:
      Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are most commonly seen in all the occupational non-fatal injuries and illnesses for workers, especially those who are involved in labor-intensive industries. Participatory ergonomics is frequently used to prevent musculoskeletal disorders. This paper gives an overview of a historical perspective on the use of participatory ergonomics approach in reducing the health effects of labor-intensive industries. Progress, barriers and facilitators on the organization, implementation and evaluation of participatory ergonomics programs are studied. Participatory ergonomics seems a successful method to develop, prioritize measures to prevent MSDs. Participatory ergonomics can help industries reduce musculoskeletal injuries and disorders, improve workplace condition and promote health conditions of the workers.
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