文章摘要
赵永谦,马文军.基于互联网信息的公共卫生监测进展[J].中华流行病学杂志,2017,38(2):272-276
基于互联网信息的公共卫生监测进展
A review on the advancement of internet-based public health surveillance program
收稿日期:2016-07-06  出版日期:2017-02-17
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2017.02.027
中文关键词: 公共卫生监测  互联网
英文关键词: Public health surveillance  Internet
基金项目:广东省省级科技计划(2014A040401041)
作者单位E-mail
赵永谦 510326 广州, 暨南大学医学院  
马文军 511430 广州, 广东省疾病预防控制中心, 广东省公共卫生研究院 mwj68@vip.tom.com 
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中文摘要:
      互联网数据因其更新快和数据量丰富的特点被引入公共卫生监测领域。通过挖掘分析互联网中丰富的健康相关信息,研究者建立基于互联网的公共卫生监测系统,以快速估计人群中健康相关事件的分布。基于互联网的公共卫生监测系统根据信息来源不同可分为主动式监测系统和被动式监测系统。相较于传统监测系统,基于互联网的监测系统具有及时性佳和成本低的优点,还可在健康相关行为监测和卫生政策评价等传统监测力所不逮的领域发挥作用。但由于假阳性消息的存在,基于互联网的监测系统存在准确性不佳的缺点。本文介绍基于互联网的公共卫生监测进展及其在疾病预警中的应用,为我国开展相关工作提供参考。
英文摘要:
      Internet data is introduced into public health arena under the features of fast updating and tremendous volume. Mining and analyzing internet data, researchers can model the internet-based surveillance system to assess the distribution of health-related events. There are two main types of internet-based surveillance systems, i.e. active and passive, which are distinguished by the sources of information. Through passive surveillance system, information is collected from search engine and social media while the active system gathers information through provision of the volunteers. Except for serving as a real-time and convenient complementary approach to traditional disease, food safety and adverse drug reaction surveillance program, Internet-based surveillance system can also play a role in health-related behavior surveillance and policy evaluation. Although several techniques have been applied to filter information, the accuracy of internet-based surveillance system is still bothered by the false positive information. In this article, we have summarized the development and application of internet-based surveillance system in public health to provide reference for a better surveillance program in China.
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