文章摘要
刘倩,赵芮,吴谦,庄贵华.心理护理对艾滋病患者生活质量影响的Meta分析[J].中华流行病学杂志,2017,38(7):972-976
心理护理对艾滋病患者生活质量影响的Meta分析
Meta-analysis on influence of psychological nursing on quality of life of AIDS patients
收稿日期:2016-11-21  出版日期:2017-07-15
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2017.07.025
中文关键词: 心理护理  生活质量  SF-36  艾滋病  Meta分析
英文关键词: Psychological nursing  Quality of life  SF-36  AIDS  Meta-analysis
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
刘倩 710061 西安交通大学医学部公共卫生学院流行病与卫生统计教研室  
赵芮 710061 西安交通大学医学部公共卫生学院流行病与卫生统计教研室  
吴谦 710061 西安交通大学医学部公共卫生学院流行病与卫生统计教研室  
庄贵华 710061 西安交通大学医学部公共卫生学院流行病与卫生统计教研室 zhuanggh@mail.xjtu.edu.cn 
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中文摘要:
      目的 评价心理护理干预对艾滋病患者生活质量的影响。方法 系统检索PubMed、Web of Science、Cochrane Library、中国生物医学文献数据库(CBM)、中国期刊全文数据库(CNKI)、万方数据库和维普中文科技期刊数据库(VIP),纳入心理护理干预对艾滋病患者生活质量影响的实验性研究,采用Review Manager 5.3对SF-36量表8个维度得分进行合并,求其效应合并值的加权均数差(WMD)及其95%CI结果 除生理功能维度外,SF-36量表其余7个维度得分的加权均数差均具有统计学意义,其中生理功能维度平均得分提高最少为6.48,情感职能维度平均得分提高最多为19.90,因此可认为除生理功能维度外,经心理护理干预后其余维度的得分均有所提高,敏感性分析结果显示,SF-36量表8个维度得分的加权均数差均具有统计学意义,即观察组的生活质量高于对照组。结论 心理护理干预可提高艾滋病患者的生活质量,可作为有效的辅助治疗手段在临床护理中进行推广应用。
英文摘要:
      Objective To evaluate the effect of psychological nursing intervention on the quality of life of AIDS patients. Methods The experimental studies about the influence of psychological nursing intervention on the quality of life of AIDS patients were systematically retrieved in the following databases:PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, Chinese biomedical literature database (CBM), China journal full text database (CNKI), Wanfang database and VIP Chinese science and technology periodical database (VIP). The SF-36 scale scores in 8 dimensions were combined with Review Manager 5.3, the weighted mean difference and 95%CI of the value of the combined effects were calculated. Results In addition to the dimension of physiological function, the differences in weighted mean of the remaining seven dimensions of SF-36 scales were significant, among which the average score of physiological function increased to 6.48, but the average score of emotional function increased up to 19.90. It can be considered that in addition to the dimension of physiological function, the score of the other dimensions were improved after the psychological nursing intervention. The results of sensitivity analysis showed that the differences in weighted means of the eight dimensions of SF-36 scale were significant, indicating that the quality of life of the observation group was higher than that of the control group. Conclusion Psychological nursing intervention can improve the quality of life of AIDS patients, and it is suggested to use it in clinical practice.
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