文章摘要
李莹莹,王赟,谌丁艳,吴宇,周丽.深圳市2013-2017年儿童青少年超重肥胖流行趋势分析[J].中华流行病学杂志,2018,39(6):728-731
深圳市2013-2017年儿童青少年超重肥胖流行趋势分析
Prevalence and trends of overweight and obesity in children and adolescents from 2013 to 2017 in Shenzhen
投稿时间:2018-02-26  
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2018.06.007
中文关键词: 超重;肥胖;儿童青少年;趋势
英文关键词: Overweight;Obesity;Children and adolescents;Trend
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
李莹莹 510080 广州, 中山大学公共卫生学院  
王赟 518055 深圳市疾病预防控制中心  
谌丁艳 518055 深圳市疾病预防控制中心  
吴宇 518055 深圳市疾病预防控制中心  
周丽 518055 深圳市疾病预防控制中心 alli99@126.com 
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中文摘要:
      目的 了解2013-2017年深圳市儿童青少年肥胖现状和变化趋势。方法 采用分层整群随机抽样的方法,在深圳市随机抽取6所小学、3所初中和3所高中,监测所有在校学生2013-2017年5年间的身高及体重。结果 2013-2017年6~18岁儿童青少年共监测94 868人次,超重率为13.31%,肥胖率为9.60%;男生超重率和肥胖率(17.60%和12.43%)均高于女生(10.27%和5.93%);近5年来男、女生超重肥胖率总体呈下降趋势;男、女生超重率峰值分别出现在10~12岁和13~15岁年龄组,而肥胖率峰值均在6~9岁组。结论 2013-2017年深圳市儿童青少年超重肥胖率总体呈下降趋势,但仍处于较高水平,应继续加强监测和采取相应防控措施。
英文摘要:
      Objective To examine the status and trends of overweight and obesity in children and adolescents aged 6-17 in Shenzhen between 2013 and 2017.Methods Six primary schools, three junior high schools and three high schools were selected in Shenzhen from 2013 to 2017, through stratified cluster sampling method. Height and weight of the selected students were measured.Results In total, 94 868 students were monitored from 2013 to 2017. The average prevalence rates of overweight and obesity were 13.31% and 9.60%, respectively. The prevalence rates of overweight and obesity appeared higher in boys (17.60% and 12.43%) than those in girls (10.27% and 5.93%). The prevalence of overweight was higher than obesity. Both prevalence rates of overweight and obesity were declining over the past five years. The maximal prevalence rates of overweight of boys and girls were from 10 to 12 and 13 to 15 years of age, while the obesity was from 6 to 9 years old, respectively.Conclusion The prevalence rates of overweight and obesity were on the decline from 2013 to 2017, however, attention should be paid to the obesity problem in students.
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