文章摘要
谭云龙,申泽薇,余灿清,郭彧,卞铮,裴培,杜怀东,陈君石,陈铮鸣,吕筠,李立明.中国成年人文化程度与体格指标的长期变化关系[J].中华流行病学杂志,2019,40(1):26-32
中国成年人文化程度与体格指标的长期变化关系
Relationship between educational level and long-term changes of body weight and waist circumference in adults in China
投稿时间:2018-07-16  
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2019.01.007
中文关键词: 文化程度;体重;腰围;体质指数;中国人群
英文关键词: Educational level;Body weight;Waist circumference;Body mass index;Chinese population
基金项目:国家重点研发计划精准医学研究重点专项(2016YFC0900500,2016YFC0900501,2016YFC0900504);国家自然科学基金(81390540,81390544,81390541);中国香港Kadoorie Charitable基金;英国Wellcome Trust(202922/Z/16/Z,088158/Z/09/Z,104085/Z/14/Z)
作者单位E-mail
谭云龙 北京大学公共卫生学院流行病与卫生统计学系 100191
中国医学科学院, 北京 100730 
 
申泽薇 北京大学公共卫生学院流行病与卫生统计学系 100191  
余灿清 北京大学公共卫生学院流行病与卫生统计学系 100191  
郭彧 中国医学科学院, 北京 100730  
卞铮 中国医学科学院, 北京 100730  
裴培 中国医学科学院, 北京 100730  
杜怀东 英国牛津大学临床与流行病学研究中心纳菲尔德人群健康系 OX3 7LF  
陈君石 国家食品安全风险评估中心, 北京 100021  
陈铮鸣 英国牛津大学临床与流行病学研究中心纳菲尔德人群健康系 OX3 7LF  
吕筠 北京大学公共卫生学院流行病与卫生统计学系 100191 lvjun@bjmu.edu.cn 
李立明 北京大学公共卫生学院流行病与卫生统计学系 100191  
摘要点击次数: 257
全文下载次数: 244
中文摘要:
      目的 分析中国慢性病前瞻性研究(CKB)人群文化程度与成年人不同阶段体格测量指标及其长期变化之间的关系。方法 本研究在参加第2次重复调查的研究对象中,剔除调查时年龄>65岁者、体格测量指标缺失或极端值者、基线或重复调查时自报患有重大慢性病者。分析研究对象的文化程度与25岁、基线调查时(2004-2008年)和重复调查时(2013-2014年)BMI和腰围、及每5年体重与腰围的变化值的关系。结果 纳入分析3 427名男性和6 320名女性。研究对象的体重和腰围都随年龄增长逐渐增加。从25岁到基线调查[年龄(45.2±6.5)岁],男性和女性每5年体重变化值分别为(1.70±2.63)和(1.27±2.10)kg。从基线到重复调查[年龄(53.2±6.5)岁],男性和女性每5年体重变化值分别为(1.12±2.61)和(0.90±2.54)kg,每5年腰围变化值分别为(3.20±3.79)和(3.83±3.85)cm。无论是25岁、基线还是重复调查时,文化程度低的女性BMI和腰围都更大。而在男性中,25岁时文化程度越低的男性BMI略大;到了基线和重复调查时,不同文化程度者间的BMI差异消失,但初、高中文化程度者的腰围及其增幅略高于其他文化程度者。结论 无论男性或女性,随年龄增长,体重和腰围都在不断增加。文化程度与BMI和腰围的关系存在性别差异。
英文摘要:
      Objective To evaluate the association of educational level with anthropometric measurements at different adult stages and their long-term changes in adults who participated in the second re-survey of China Kadoorie Biobank (CKB). Methods The present study excluded participants who were aged >65 years, with incomplete or extreme measurement values, or with major chronic diseases at baseline survey or re-survey. The weight at age 25 years was self-reported. Body height, body weight and waist circumference at baseline survey (2004-2008) and re-survey (2013-2014) were analyzed. Results The present study included 3 427 men and 6 320 women. Both body weight and waist circumference (WC) increased with age. From age 25 years to baseline survey (mean age 45.2±6.5), the mean weight change per 5-year was (1.70±2.63) kg for men and (1.27±2.10) kg for women. From baseline survey to re-survey (53.2±6.5), the mean changes per 5-year for body weight were (1.12±2.61) kg for men and (0.90±2.54) kg for women; and that for WC was (3.20±3.79) cm for men and (3.83±3.85) cm for women. Among women, low educational level was consistently associated with higher body mass index (BMI) and WC at age 25 years, baseline survey and re-survey. Among men, low educational level was associated with higher BMI at age 25 years. At baseline survey and re-survey, the educational level in men was not statistically associated with BMI; but men who completed junior or senior high school showed slight higher WC and increase of WC from baseline survey to re-survey than other male participants. Conclusions Body weight and WC increased with age for both men and women. The associations of educational level with BMI and WC were different between men and women.
查看全文   Html全文     查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
关闭