文章摘要
叶鹏鹏,金叶,纪翠蓉,耳玉亮,段蕾蕾,李志新.1990-2016年中国动物伤害疾病负担分析[J].中华流行病学杂志,2019,40(1):52-58
1990-2016年中国动物伤害疾病负担分析
Disease burden of animal injury in China, 1990-2016
投稿时间:2018-07-18  
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2019.01.011
中文关键词: 动物伤害;疾病负担;犬咬伤;蛇咬伤
英文关键词: Animal injury;Burden of disease;Dog bite;Snake bite
基金项目:国家科技基础资源调查专项(2017FY101200)
作者单位E-mail
叶鹏鹏 中国疾病预防控制中心慢性非传染性疾病预防控制中心伤害室, 北京 100050  
金叶 中国疾病预防控制中心慢性非传染性疾病预防控制中心伤害室, 北京 100050  
纪翠蓉 中国疾病预防控制中心慢性非传染性疾病预防控制中心伤害室, 北京 100050  
耳玉亮 中国疾病预防控制中心慢性非传染性疾病预防控制中心伤害室, 北京 100050  
段蕾蕾 中国疾病预防控制中心慢性非传染性疾病预防控制中心伤害室, 北京 100050 duanleilei@ncncd.chinacdc.cn 
李志新 中国疾病预防控制中心慢性非传染性疾病预防控制中心伤害室, 北京 100050  
摘要点击次数: 120
全文下载次数: 135
中文摘要:
      目的 分析1990-2016年中国动物伤害疾病负担及变化情况。方法 利用全球疾病负担研究2016中国动物伤害疾病负担数据,采用发生率和伤残调整寿命年(DALYs)率分析1990-2016年中国不同性别、年龄人群动物伤害、毒动物伤害和有毒动物伤害疾病负担变化情况,并计算相对变化程度和年度变化百分比。结果 2016年中国动物伤害年龄标化发生率和DALYs率分别为245.05/10万人和12.73/10万。毒动物伤害年龄标化发生率明显高于有毒动物,但有毒动物伤害年龄标化DALYs率与毒动物明显差异。1990-2016年,中国动物伤害年龄标化发生率和DALYs率均呈下降趋势,毒动物伤害下降趋势比有毒动物明显。不同性别和年龄人群的动物伤害发生率和DALYs率均有不同程度下降,其中5~14岁组发生率下降趋势最明显,<5岁组DALYs率下降最明显。结论 1990-2016年中国动物伤害疾病负担有明显改善。低龄儿童最容易发生动物伤害,造成的伤残、死亡情况也较为严重,是动物伤害防控工作应重点关注的人群。
英文摘要:
      Objective To analyze the disease burden of animal injury in China between 1990 and 2016. Methods Data obtained from the Global Burden of Disease 2016 were used to analyze the age and gender specific disease burden of animal injury in China, using the incidence and disability adjusted of life years (DALYs) rate. Relative and annual changes were evaluated. Results In 2016, the age-standardized incidence and DALYs rate of animal injury in China showed as 245.05 per 100 000 people and 12.73 per 100 000. The age-standardized incidence of non-venomous animal injury was significantly higher than that of venomous animal injury, but the differences in age-standardized incidence and DALYs rate between venomous animal injury and non-venomous animal injury were not significant. Between 1990 and 2016, there was a significantly decreasing trend in the age-standardized incidence and DALYs rate of animal injury, and obvious decline could be seen in the incidence of non-venomous animal injury, compared with venomous animal injury. The incidence and DALYs rate of animal injury declined in both males and females and in different age groups. The obvious decline of incidence and DALYs rate could be found in children aged 5-14 years and aged < 5 years. Conclusions Between 1990 and 2016, there was a significant alleviation of the disease burden of animal injury in China. Young children were most prone to animal injury, resulting in serious disability and death, indicating more attention should be paid to this population at high risk and in animal injury prevention and control programs.
查看全文   Html全文     查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
关闭