文章摘要
李玉青,石建辉,曹远,齐力,徐露婷,钱运梁,刘秀荣.控烟条例实施1年对北京市15岁及以上人群二手烟暴露情况的影响[J].中华流行病学杂志,2019,40(3):327-330
控烟条例实施1年对北京市15岁及以上人群二手烟暴露情况的影响
Survey of exposure to second-hand smoke in residents aged 15 years and over one year after implementation of tobacco control regulation in public places in Beijing
投稿时间:2018-09-04  
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2019.03.013
中文关键词: 烟草控制;二手烟;公共场所禁烟
英文关键词: Tobacco control;Second-hand smoke;Ban of smoking in public place
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
李玉青 北京市疾病预防控制中心健康教育所 北京市预防医学研究中心健康教育所 100020  
石建辉 北京市疾病预防控制中心健康教育所 北京市预防医学研究中心健康教育所 100020  
曹远 北京市疾病预防控制中心健康教育所 北京市预防医学研究中心健康教育所 100020  
齐力 北京市疾病预防控制中心健康教育所 北京市预防医学研究中心健康教育所 100020  
徐露婷 北京市疾病预防控制中心健康教育所 北京市预防医学研究中心健康教育所 100020  
钱运梁 北京市疾病预防控制中心健康教育所 北京市预防医学研究中心健康教育所 100020  
刘秀荣 北京市疾病预防控制中心健康教育所 北京市预防医学研究中心健康教育所 100020 xiurongliu@163.com 
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中文摘要:
      目的 监测北京市≥ 15岁人群在公共场所、工作场所、公共交通工具和家庭的二手烟暴露情况,评价《北京市控制吸烟条例》实施效果。方法 数据源于2014年和2016年北京市成人烟草调查。两次调查均覆盖北京市16个区。每次调查均采用多阶段整群概率抽样法,采用面对面询问调查方式,应用电子化问卷收集相关数据。2014年和2016年分别获得100个监测点的有效个人问卷8 484份和9 372份。采用SPSS 20.0软件和R 3.4.4软件对样本进行复杂抽样加权后,估计≥ 15岁人群在各类场所中的二手烟暴露率,并进行χ2检验。结果 北京市≥ 15岁人群在医疗机构、政府大楼、大学、中小学校(室内外)和餐馆的二手烟暴露率分别由2014年的12.8%、19.7%、24.3%、32.8%和65.7%下降到2016年的6.2%、10.8%、12.5%、19.1%和32.5%;酒吧/夜总会的二手烟暴露率分别为89.5%和80.3%;室内工作场所的二手烟暴露率从35.7%下降到20.0%;公共交通工具的二手烟暴露率由3.9%下降到2.5%;家庭二手烟暴露率分别为39.8%和37.6%。结论 《北京市控制吸烟条例》规定的禁止吸烟场所中二手烟暴露率明显下降,实施的效果已经显现。
英文摘要:
      Objective To monitor the second-hand smoke (SHS) exposure in residents aged 15 years and over in public venues, indoor workplaces, on public transportation vehicles and at home in Beijing and evaluate the effect of Beijing Tobacco Control Regulation. Methods Data from 2014 and 2016 Beijing Adult Tobacco Survey were used. The surveys covered 16 districts in Beijing. The study subjects were selected through multi-stage cluster sampling with probability proportional to population size, and data were collected by using electronic questionnaire in face-to-face household interviews. A total of 8 484 and 9 372 valid questionnaires were collected for the surveys in 2014 and 2016, respectively. Statistical packages SPSS 20.0 and R 3.4.4 were used for data analyses. After weighting the samples using complex survey designs, the SHS exposure rates in different places in adults of Beijing were estimated. χ2 tests were performed for the comparison. Results The SHS exposure rates of residents aged 15 years and over in Beijing who visited health care facilities, government buildings, universities, primary and secondary schools and restaurants declined from 12.8%, 19.7%, 24.3%, 32.8% and 65.7% in 2014 to 6.2%, 10.8%, 12.5%, 19.1% and 32.5% in 2016, respectively. The SHS exposure rates in bars/nightclubs were 89.5% in 2014 and 80.3% in 2016. From 2014 to 2016, the SHS exposure rates declined from 35.7% to 20.0% in indoor workplaces and declined from 3.9% to 2.5% on public transportation vehicles. The SHS exposure rates at home were 39.8% in 2014 and 37.6% in 2016, respectively. Conclusions The SHS exposure rates in public places declined obviously in Beijing after the one year implementation of Beijing Tobacco Control Regulation, indicating the effect of the regulation implementation.
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