文章摘要
段银娟,李立明,吕筠.社区建成环境与居民身体活动及饮食行为的关联研究进展[J].中华流行病学杂志,2019,40(4):475-480
社区建成环境与居民身体活动及饮食行为的关联研究进展
A review and update of the potential impact of the built environment on physical activity and dietary habits
投稿时间:2018-08-29  
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2019.04.020
中文关键词: 建成环境;身体活动;饮食行为
英文关键词: Built-environment;Physical activity;Dietary habits
基金项目:公益性行业科研专项(201502006)
作者单位E-mail
段银娟 北京大学公共卫生学院流行病与卫生统计学系 100191  
李立明 北京大学公共卫生学院流行病与卫生统计学系 100191  
吕筠 北京大学公共卫生学院流行病与卫生统计学系 100191 lvjun@bjmu.edu.cn 
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中文摘要:
      社区建成环境对居民身体活动、饮食行为的影响越来越受到关注。本文对建成环境的概念以及身体活动、饮食行为相关建成环境的评价方法做了概述,对近年来国内外身体活动、饮食行为与建成环境的关联研究现状和主要结果进行了综述。分析表明,改善建成环境有望控制身体活动不足和不健康饮食行为流行带来的健康负担,但该领域尚处于初步探索阶段,仍有很多尚待回答的研究问题。通过对已有研究可能存在的问题进行总结,本文对今后的研究提出了建议。
英文摘要:
      With the accelerated urbanization process, there are growing interests in the potential impact of neighborhood built-environment on residents' physical activity and dietary habits. In this paper, we introduced the concept of the built environment and the ways to assess the built-environment related to physical activity and dietary habits. We reviewed papers on the association of the built-environment with physical activity and dietary habits. Improvement of the built-environment is expected to reduce the health burden caused by insufficient physical activity and unhealthy dietary habits. As this field is still at its initial stage, there are many questions to be explored. We then discussed the challenges for this field and made some suggestions for future study.
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